Intrapreneur – Definition

Cite this article as:"Intrapreneur – Definition," in The Business Professor, updated October 15, 2019, last accessed October 20, 2020,


Intrapraneur Definition

Intrapreneurship is an entrepreneurial ideology where the employees of a company possess entrepreneurial skills that do not alter the course of the company but rather moves it forward. An Intrapreneur is generally characterized by self-motivation, creativity in solving complex problems, proactivity and being action-oriented. Such an employee leans from the company in order to serve better by virtue of coming up with innovative products, processes and or services.

An intrapreneur refers to an employee whose responsibility is to develop an innovative project or idea within a company. The intrapreneur might not encounter the out-sized risks or benefits from an entrepreneur’s out-sized rewards. However, an established company’s resources and capabilities are accessible to the intrapreneur.

A Little More on What is an Intrapreneurship

Basically, intrapreneurship aids in innovation and growth in an organization in that it helps the employee feel free to explore other innovative means of solving problems without having to look back for a haughty and less open-minded superior. It gives employees a sense of independence, freedom to explore, learn, impact and be celebrated for being innovative. This way, it fosters efficiency at work and aids the general development of the company.

References for Entrepreneurship

Academic Research for Intrapreneurship

Intrapreneurship: Construct refinement and cross-cultural validation, Antoncic, B., & Hisrich, R. D. (2001). Journal of business venturing, 16 (5), 495-527. This paper looks into the scope of Intrapreneurship over the years, its development and its purpose as being a major game-changer in organizational growth and development.

The knowledge spillover theory of intrapreneurship , Braunerhjelm, P., Ding, D., & Thulin, P. (2018). Small business economics, 51 (1), 1-30. Insights gotten from this book would introduce one into the knowledge spillover theory of Intrapreneurship by virtue of examining a number of points such as employee mobility, field experience/ learning on the job, innovative approach and the likes.

Clarifying the intrapreneurship concept, Antoncic, B., & Hisrich, R. D. (2003). Journal of small business and enterprise development, 10 (1), 7-24. This research adds to the development of the theory of intrapreneurship by expounding on the intrapreneurship concept. Intrapreneurship is more accurately defined by referring to emergent behavioral intentions and actions that are related to departures from the customary ways of doing business in existing organizations.

Entrepreneurship/intrapreneurship., Hisrich, R. D. (1990). American Psychologist, 45 (2), 209.

Intrapreneurship in large firms and SMEs: a comparative study, Carrier, C. (1994). International Small Business Journal , 12 (3), 54-61.

Intrapreneurship in small businesses: an exploratory study, Carrier, C. (1996). Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice , 21 (1), 5-20. This research focuses on larger organizations in relation to implementing the ideology of intrapreneurship, much to the detriment of smaller organizations that would benefit from intrapreneurship.

Entrepreneurship and intrapreneurship: Behaviors, comparisons, and contrasts, Luchsinger, V., & Bagby, D. R. (1987). Entrepreneurship and intrapreneurship: SAM Advanced Management Journal , 52 (3), 10.

Organizational support for intrapreneurship and its interaction with human capital to enhance innovative performance, Alpkan, L., Bulut, C., Gunday, G., Ulusoy, G., & Kilic, K. (2010). Management decision , 48 (5), 732-755. The main purpose of this paper is to look into the direct and interactive effects of organizational support and human capital with respect to the innovative performance of companies.

Fostering intrapreneurship: The new competitive edge, Rule, E. G., & Irwin, D. W. (1988). Journal of Business Strategy , 9 (3), 44-47.

Intrapreneurship strategy for internal markets—corporate, non-profit and government institution cases, Nielsen, R. P., Peters, M. P., & Hisrich, R. D. (1985). Strategic management journal , 6 (2), 181-189. This article looks into the conflict between the internal flexibility/innovation and integration that arises as a result of intrapreneurship. (Lorsch and Allen, 1973; Nielsen, 1981, 1983d).

Intrapreneurship: a comparative structural equation modeling study, Antoncic, B. (2007). Industrial Management & Data Systems , 107 (3), 309-325. The purpose of this paper is to expound on the concept of intrapreneurship with its  predictors and consequences via a model.

Employee satisfaction, intrapreneurship and firm growth: a model, Auer Antoncic, J., & Antoncic, B. (2011). Industrial Management & Data Systems , 111 (4), 589-607. This paper by virtue of data collation and analysis using structured questionnaires provides information concerning organizational performance, growth and development in relation to Intrapreneurship.

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