Certificate of Manufacture Definition
A certificate of manufacture is a document issued by a producer or a manufacturer when a good or commodity ordered by a buyer has been completed. This authenticated document certifies that the product ordered by the buyer has been completed and is being stored by the manufacturer, with all risk borne by the buyer. In layman terms, the manufacturer hoards the goods, but is not responsible for anything that happens to it after the certificate has been issued. This certificates informs the buyer on changes or modifications made to a good or a product after the initial manufacturing stage. For this document to be authentic, the date of modification on it should be same with that of the master file.
A Little More on What is a Certificate of Manufacture
The manufacturer transfer a drawback product to another recipient, and then goes ahead to file and deliver the certificate of that product to the beneficiary. A certificate of manufacture is expected to feature the following informations if executed by a manufacturer or a producer:
- The name of the beneficiary of the drawback product
- If the product is manufactured under a drawback ruling, it should feature the computer-generated number or code applied to it and also, the number seen on the letter of acknowledgement
- The computer number or TD number of the product if manufactured under specific production drawback ruling
- The type, numbers and the quality of the product in question
- Import entry numbers, applicable duty amounts, and the HTSUS number up to the sixth digit for imported commodities
- The date the factory got the merchandise
- The date it was applied to production
- The value of the merchandise at the factory
- Market value of the waste, if the waste could be used for productions
- Waste quantity
- Information of the product and the number of outputs.
In the case of articles:
- The number of manufactured articles
- Articles transfer number
- The receiving recipients of the article
Requirements for Certificate of Manufacture
A certificate of manufacture issued by a producer is required to be on a firm’s letterhead and contain the information stated below. The certificate should possess:
- The manufacturer’s name
- The name of the product
- The lot number
- Item number
- The revision code
- The date of revision
- A certificate backing claims to lack of modifications of the product
- Name of the Quality Control manager who made the certification
- The signature of the above Quality Control manager
- The date of signing
- Certificate of approval for importation into Australia
The absence of a general certificate of manufacture has provided the need for certificates to be split into two categories and issued separately. The first certificate is a trade-related diploma which is issued after a recipient has passed through detailed work experience and resourceful training in a particular trade, like a welder or a tool maker. The second certificate is issued to someone who has experience in a specific skill which can be applied to a number of industries. Any production or manufacturing company can be categorized into this section. The certificate is mainly issued after a personnel completes training in a particular field. This field can be in logistics, quality certifications and even in safety trainings. Knowing the distinctions between both certificates is very important for individuals who wish to work or are already working in the production or manufacturing industry.
References for Certificate of Manufacture
Academic Research for Certificate of Manufacture
Significant Innovations of the New Mexican Law on Inventions and Trademarks, Medina, D. R. (1977). Ga. J. Int’l & Comp. L., 7, 5. The new Law of Inventions & Trademarks (LIT) was enforced in Mexico on 11th Feb 1976. It is the same as the earlier Industrial Property Law (IPL) on the grounds of invention patents regulation, trademarks, origin names, industrial models & design and commercial advertisements. This law governs the licenses for the patents exploitation and trademarks use. Before it grants the license to the investor, it demands a certificate from him. It has introduced an obligatory license for trademarks use.
An examination of barriers to exporting encountered by small manufacturing companies, Rabino, S. (1980). Management International Review, 67-73. This paper focuses on how small exporting companies perceive in high-tech industries. The executives show that they are not satisfied with government support or attitudes towards exporting. They believe that other governments are supporting much more in this regard. It is a prevalent feeling among the American exporters that the paperwork takes much time and needs extra staff. Likewise, the distribution is especially important for export operations. The author finds that the traders do not consider exporting via an import-export house as an optimal policy. It is not easy to locate a trustworthy distributor abroad.
The Texas Certificate of Title Act, Wood, H. (1951). Sw. LJ, 5, 423. Since a motor vehicle is a portable property and is mostly used in security transactions, it is often discussed in the matters of fraud. As the number of automobiles increases, rights related to security and ownership need to be defined. For this purpose, the Certificate of Title Act was enacted by the Texas Legislature in 1939. This panel statute governs each transaction in the lifespan of a motor vehicle from when it first comes out for sale until it becomes junk. It regulates evidencing liens and sale. It provides a source of a vehicle identification completely.
Good manufacturing practices for refrigerated foods, MOBERG, L. (1989). Journal of Food Protection, 52(5), 363-367. To manufacture and distribute the refrigerated foods protected from microbiological risk, Good Manufacturing Practices (GMPs) are required in the manufacturing sector. Such a manufacturer must use a complete program that specifies, tests and then, controls potential risks at each step in the manufacturing and development environment. The author presents GMPs set for refrigerated foods that check food safety in product development, ingredient receipt, handling, processing, storage, distribution, packaging and record keeping.
Certificate of pharmaceutical product CoPP, Pooja, M., Ketan, S., & Pankaj, K. (2015). Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology, 8(10), 1449-1453. This paper covers basics of Certificate of Pharmaceutical Product (CoPP), its origin, types, drugs included, a procedure to get this certificate, its requirements, format, applicant, content, examples and its benefits. The drug regulator gives a CoPP after conducting manufacturing plant inspection. According to a recent estimate, the pharmaceutical market in India is approximately sixty-five thousand crore rupees. Out of this amount, exports are approximately thirty thousand crore rupees. The validity of this certificate is 2 years.
Automated Manufacturing/Robotics Technology: Certificate and Associate Degree Programs., McQuay, P. L. (1984). This article describes the Automated Manufacturing or Robotics program offered at DCC (Delaware County Community) College, commenced in Sep 1984. The author conveys how to use re-programmable industrial robots (RIR) in manufacturing. He guides the program graduates which field of the robotics or automation is suitable for them. He makes an analysis of the job market and provides information about salary, short & long term jobs, local jobs and potential employers list appointed in the Delaware Valley. The author highlights the target population, content curriculum and list of program advisory committee members. Finally, the required equipment, operating costs, program implementation and enrollment are discussed.
Type and Project Certification, Woebbeking, M. (2007). Proceedings, Wind Power Shanghai. Type Certification includes quality management testing, prototype testing, in production and erection design-related requirements and design testing. Project Certification depends on Type Certification and includes surveillance during production, site-specific design testing, transport & erection, site testing, periodic monitoring and commissioning. Each separate module results in a statement of Compliance. When the related modules complete successfully, issuance of certificates is done leading to wind turbines and reliable, safe and successful projects.
System-level security for network processors with hardware monitors, Hu, K., Wolf, T., Teixeira, T., & Tessier, R. (2014, June). In Proceedings of the 51st Annual Design Automation Conference (pp. 1-6). ACM. New attacks targeting internet infrastructure are rising nowadays. The advanced routers have programmable network processors. Simply sending reasonably crafted packets of data into the network may exploit them. The hardware monitors (located together with processor cores) have the ability to detect attacks which can change the behaviour of the processor with high probability. This research provides a solution to the issue of dynamic and secure hardware monitoring graphs installation on these devices. The authors also suggest how to control the network homogeneity with several identical devices in which a successful attack may leave devastating effects.
Authentication in transient storage device attachments, Rich, D. (2007). Computer, 40(4), 102-104. The explosive development of personal storage devices has, no doubt, revolutionized the whole world, for example, flash drives, USB, etc. Until today, there is no standard authentication technique present for these devices. The standard committees of IEEE Computer Society on storage systems and information assurance have designed standard protocol of IEEE 1667 used for authentication in transient storage devices host attachments. It defines authentication of bidirectional TSD. The host authenticates the identity of TSD and likewise, the TSD can’t authenticate the identity of the host.
Determination of LTCC shrinkage variations from tape manufacturer to consumer, Kupferschmidt, J., Girardi, M., Duncan, B., & Whitlock, D. (2014, October). In International Symposium on Microelectronics (Vol. 2014, No. 1, pp. 000668-000672). International Microelectronics Assembly and Packaging Society. This article investigates the validity of COA data of a manufacturer and elaborates the shrinkage differences between the data gathered during the process of verification and COA data. The authors also present this data tracking as a source of ensuring proper controls in place. They show the style and type of confirming and lamination being important contributors to the differences found. Then, they present data and its characterization before and after the LTCC fabrication equipment relocation. Finally, they incorporate COA data into shrinkage estimates to use for establishing process parameters, a control plan and tolerances.
Information Secure Strategy Based on Digital Certificate of Virtual Enterprise, Zhihong, T., & Zude, L. Y. C. Y. Z. (2003). China Mechanical Engineering, 3, 017. With the emergence of information technology and networks, worldwide competition has gone higher. In the twenty-first century, Virtual Enterprise will form like a new organization of enterprises. This paper analyses the data flow of a virtual enterprise. The authors go through their security needs and propose a secured strategy on the basis of a digital certificate. It ensures the information security of the virtual enterprise.