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What is the Process for Enforcing a Copyright?

Cite this article as: Jason Mance Gordon, "What is the Process for Enforcing a Copyright?," in The Business Professor, updated January 23, 2015, last accessed April 8, 2020, https://thebusinessprofessor.com/knowledge-base/what-is-the-process-for-enforcing-a-copyright/.
Video ThumbnailThis video explains the process for enforcing a copyright.

Next Article: Defenses to a Claim of Copyright Infringement


What is infringement and how does one enforce copyrights against infringement?

Copyright infringement occurs when a copyrighted work or some portion of the work is reproduced, distributed, performed, or displayed without authority. Authority must be obtained from the copyright holder. A copyright is enforceable through a federal court action. That is, the copyright holder can bring a federal lawsuit against someone infringing upon the copyright. While copyrights attach without registration, the copyright holder must register her copyright prior to bringing a federal court action. Aside from allowing for litigation, a registered copyright provides a public record for the copyrighted work at the time of filing. Once in court, the copyright holder will seek an injunction from further infringement and any monetary damages suffered as a result of the infringement. The registered copyright is presumed valid if the registration occurs within 5 years of creation. This means that any infringing party has to overcome this presumption in court. The federal statute providing for copyrights allows for statutory damages (up to $150,000) and attorney’s fees (if the registration took place within 3 months of publication of the work).

•    Note: Copyright infringements are routinely resolved through negotiation of the parties.

•    Discussion: Why do you think the copyright enforcement process requires registration? Are you convinced by the benefits of copyright registration? Can you think of any disadvantages?

•    Practice Question: Mary wrote a funny poem with great lyrics. One day, when listening to the radio, she hears a couple of lines from her poem in a popular song. If Mary decides to bring a legal action against the performer, what process will she have to follow?

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