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Legislative Branch and the Law

Legislative Branch

This branch of government passes laws that guide the executive branch in the execution of the law. Congress must approve the executive branch’s budget and certain presidential appointments to high-level administrative positions. The US House of Representatives retains the authority to impeach (bring charges against) the President for misconduct committed while in office. Further, the US Senate has the authority to determine the merits of the impeachment and render judgment. Congress checks the power of the judiciary by passing laws that supersede or replace the existing common law developed by the judiciary. Lastly, Congress must approve the President’s nomination of an individual for appointment to federal judicial positions, including the US Supreme Court.

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