Forward Triangular Merger – Definition

Cite this article as:"Forward Triangular Merger – Definition," in The Business Professor, updated September 17, 2019, last accessed October 20, 2020,


Forward Triangular Merger Definition

A forward triangular merger, also known as indirect merger, takes place when a subsidiary of the purchasing organization acquires a business firm. The company that undergoes acquisition merges into the shell firm that has control over all assets and liabilities of the target firm.

A Little More on What is a Forward Triangular Merger

Forward triangular merger, similar to reverse triangular merger, involves the merger in which the subsidiary of the purchaser gets merged into the target firm. This helps the buyer in getting secured from the liabilities of the target firm. This is so because the target firm ultimately becomes the buyer’s completely owned subsidiary irrespective of it being a forward triangular merger or reverse triangular merger.

In the United States, forward triangular mergers get taxed just like the target firm makes the sale of its assets to the subsidiary firm, and then liquidated its operations. On the other side, a reverse triangular merger gets taxed as if the shareholders of the target firm made the selling of their stock to the purchaser.

Reasons for a forward triangular merger

Forward triangular mergers usually take place when the company’s operations are financed by an amalgam of cash and stock. This is so because mergers that compensate target shareholders with a minimum of 50% in shares of the buying firm don’t charge any taxes. For avoiding any tax liabilities on the merger, they are hardly used in bids that require cash alone.

Considering non-tax issues, forward triangular mergers appear to be less supportive than reverse triangular mergers. They have a huge effect on the licenses and agreements of the target firm as third parties can retain the possession of contracts and assignments from the acquirer, and may ask for a compensation to give consent or permission to them.

A forward triangular merger has to be authentic and legal, provided the business objective and persistent interest needs to be sustained within the acquiring firm.

References for “Forward Triangular Merger” › Investing › Financial Analysis…/forward-mergers-triangular-mergers-the-differences.h……/f/forward-triangular-merger.html

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