21. What are the standards by which the government (through laws or actions) may infringe on individual rights?
The above discussions should demonstrate that many laws, to some extent, infringe upon the rights of citizens. Individuals often challenge the constitutionality of these laws in court. As previously stated, one role of the judiciary is to determine the constitutionality of laws and the execution of those laws. For a law to pass constitutional muster, it must meet a certain standard justifying its existence. The standard that the court applies depends upon the rights infringed upon. Below are explanations of the applicable standards.