Subpoena - Explained
What is a Subpoena?
If you still have questions or prefer to get help directly from an agent, please submit a request.
We’ll get back to you as soon as possible.
- Marketing, Advertising, Sales & PR
- Accounting, Taxation, and Reporting
- Professionalism & Career Development
Law, Transactions, & Risk Management
Government, Legal System, Administrative Law, & Constitutional Law Legal Disputes - Civil & Criminal Law Agency Law HR, Employment, Labor, & Discrimination Business Entities, Corporate Governance & Ownership Business Transactions, Antitrust, & Securities Law Real Estate, Personal, & Intellectual Property Commercial Law: Contract, Payments, Security Interests, & Bankruptcy Consumer Protection Insurance & Risk Management Immigration Law Environmental Protection Law Inheritance, Estates, and Trusts
- Business Management & Operations
- Economics, Finance, & Analytics
Back To: Legal Disputes: Civil and Criminal Law
What is a Subpoena?
A subpoena refers to a summon that legally binds an individual to attend a court or appear before a judge. A subpoena is a writ issued by a court which mandates a person to go to a court to submit evidence, testify or produce records and documents that are needed in a case. A person who has received a subpoena cannot ignore the order, failure to appear before the court is tagged contempt of court and attracts a penalty. A subpoena can be delivered to a recipient via email or personal delivery. A subpoena is otherwise called an administrative summons or a writ.
How is a Subpoena Used?
In a court case, an attorney can request that an individual who holds a key evidence of testimony that will aid the hearing of the case be issued a subpoena. The subpoena is issued by the court through the justice of peace or a court clerk. There are three classifications of subpoena, they are;
- Deposition Subpoena - This is an administrative summons issued to someone who is not a party to the lawsuit but holds records and evidence important in the lawsuit. This subpoena asks a third party to appear before the court to answer questions or provide records.
- Witness subpoena - this type of subpoena summons a person to go to court to testify as a witness of a case.
- Subpoena Duces Tecum - This is a court order that requires evidence or documents at a specific time and place in a court hearing from the subpoenaed individual.
Oftentimes, attorneys, whether civil or criminal request subpoena in case in order to strengthen their clients claims. Failure to respond to a subpoena at the specified date and time is punishable under the law. However, in cases where the person who was issued subpoena had concrete reasons for being absent, that attorney can plead with the court for more time. If otherwise, an arrest warrant can be issued.
Information in a Subpoena
To know whether a subpoena is valid or adulterated, there are some information to look out for. A valid subpoena would contain the names of the parties involved in a case, the case number and the name, address and contact details of the attorney that initiated the subpoena. Once an individual receives a subpoena, apt attention must be paid to the hearing date and time stipulated. This is to ensure that the person does not miss the date and time, thereby face a penalty. Also, the documents, evidence or records that have been required to be provided must be identified and kept till the hearing date. If it is a business case, it is recommended that the recipient of the subpoena carries out a background check on the lawsuit and information required to be provided.
- Criminal Law (Intro)
- What is Criminal Law?
- What are the elements of a crime?
- Classifications of crimes Misdemeanor vs Felony Criminal Charges?
- What is the process of bringing criminal charges?
- Cease and Desist Order
- What is the process for executing an arrest?
- What are the exceptions to reading Miranda Rights?
- What is the process for initiating criminal charges?
- Prima Facie
- What is the Arraignment and Initial Appearance
- Investigation - Subpoena
- Common Defenses to Criminal Conduct
- Ex. Castle Doctrine
- Types of Punishment for Criminal Activity
- Theories Behind Criminal Punishment
- Federal Sentencing Guidelines
- What are the 4th Amendment protections against Search and Seizure?
- What are the 5th Amendment criminal law protections?
- What are the 6th Amendment criminal law protections?
- What are the 8th Amendment criminal law protections?
- Crimes Against the Property of Others
- Activity Constituting Fraud
- Good Faith as a Defense to Fraud
- Common Types of Business Fraud
- False Statement as a Criminal Charge
- Conspiracy as a Criminal Charge
- Obstruction of Justice as a Criminal Charge
- Aiding and Abetting or Conspiracy to a Crime
- What is a White Collar Crime?
- Lone-back Method of Money Laundering
- Lapping Scheme