Criminal Law Protections of the 8th Amendment - Explained
Prohibition against Cruel and Unusual Punishment
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What are 8th Amendment Criminal Law Protections?
The 8th Amendment prohibits the Federal Government from imposing excessive bail, excessive fines, and cruel and unusual punishment on individuals pursuant to criminal prosecution.
Next Article: Crimes Against Property of Others Back to: CRIMINAL LAW
What does the 8th Amendment Prohibit?
The protections of the 8th Amendment have been extended to state governments as well. The prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment has been subject to extensive interpretation over the years. This has particularly been the case with regard to capital punishment. Generally, the standard for what constitutes cruel and unusual punishment has become increasingly broad.
Why do you think the trend toward what constitutes cruel and unusual punishment is toward greater protection of defendants? What do you think is the justification behind prohibiting excessive bail for defendants? What about excessive fines?
- There has been a notable shift toward less oppressive forms of punishment for individuals convicted of crimes. It is rare to hear about sentences involving hard labor. Practices, such as confinement to a hot box, digging ditches, busting rocks, etc., are no longer common. One could argue that court interpretation of what is "cruel and unusual" has become more sympathetic to the individual. In the case of excess bail, this tends to limit the options for lower-income individuals charged with a crime. Excessive fines can an equally disparate impact between rich and poor defendants.
Nancy is convicted of check fraud. The judge sentences Nancy to 100 hours of hard labor to be carried out during the hottest hours of the day. Are there any arguments against the constitutionality of this sentence?
- The 8th Amendment states that excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishment inflicted. This Amendment prohibits the federal government from imposing unduly harsh penalties on criminal defendants, either as the price for obtaining pretrial release or as punishment for crime after conviction. According to the Supreme Court, the 8th Amendment forbids some punishments entirely, prohibiting other punishments that are deemed excessive when compared to the crime or the competence of the perpetrator. In the example from the practice question, one could argue that the punishment by the court towards Nancy is unusual and cruel considering the circumstance of the charge.
- Criminal Law (Intro)
- What is Criminal Law?
- What are the elements of a crime?
- Classifications of crimes Misdemeanor vs Felony Criminal Charges?
- What is the process of bringing criminal charges?
- Cease and Desist Order
- What is the process for executing an arrest?
- What are the exceptions to reading Miranda Rights?
- What is the process for initiating criminal charges?
- Prima Facie
- What is the Arraignment and Initial Appearance
- Investigation - Subpoena
- Common Defenses to Criminal Conduct
- Ex. Castle Doctrine
- Types of Punishment for Criminal Activity
- Theories Behind Criminal Punishment
- Federal Sentencing Guidelines
- What are the 4th Amendment protections against Search and Seizure?
- What are the 5th Amendment criminal law protections?
- What are the 6th Amendment criminal law protections?
- What are the 8th Amendment criminal law protections?
- Crimes Against the Property of Others
- Activity Constituting Fraud
- Good Faith as a Defense to Fraud
- Common Types of Business Fraud
- False Statement as a Criminal Charge
- Conspiracy as a Criminal Charge
- Obstruction of Justice as a Criminal Charge
- Aiding and Abetting or Conspiracy to a Crime
- What is a White Collar Crime?
- Lone-back Method of Money Laundering
- Lapping Scheme