International Trade Administration - Definition
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What is the International Trade Administration (ITA)?
The International Trade Administration (ITA) is an agency in the Department of Commerce that promotes the export non-agricultural products and services. It provides information necessary to make global markets available. It protects consumers from dumped goods.
The Under Secretary of Commerce for International Trade is the Principal officer of the US Department of Commerce and is responsible for the administration of the ITA.
The ITA was established on 2nd Jan 1980 and its headquarter is in Washington DC. There are more than twenty-two hundred employees and its budget is in millions. In 2017, it helped around 30500 business units across fifty states of the United States.
Academic Research on the International Trade Administration
- Nation-state and pluralistic decision making in trade policy: The case of the International Trade Administration, Hansen, W. L., & Park, K. O. (1995). International Studies Quarterly, 39(2), 181-211. The paper evaluates the standpoint of domestic and national-state interests and ITAs attitude towards creating public policy. It provides an administrative safety to local industries. The International Trade Administration on behalf of local industries conducts an investigation on anti-dumping as well as on countervailing duty. ITA decides that industries should be protected according to the ITC framework. A helping model includes trade lobbying. Similarly, state-focused models depend on policy designers pursuits to enhance economic prosperity and make a strong foreign policy. A trade policy reflects the influence of particular group interest.
- Measuring high technology trade: Contrasting international trade administration and bureau of census methodologies and results, Abbott III, T. A. (1991). Journal of Economic and Social Measurement, 17(1), 17-44. This paper measures the Super Technology Trade. The author Contrasts ITA (International Trade Administration) and the techniques and outcomes of the Bureau of Census.
- Bias in the International Trade Administration: The Need for Impartial Decisionmakers in United States Antidumping Proceedings, Lawrence, M. A. (1994). Case W. Res. J. Int'l L., 26, 1. This paper states that there is a biased opinion prejudice in the International Trade Administration: The need arises for the impartial Decisionmakers in the Anti-Dumping activities of the US.
- International Trade Administration vs. International Trade Commission: The Scope of Antidumping/Countervailing Duty Investigations Issue, Mordhorst, R. (1986). Geo. Mason UL Rev., 9, 147. In this paper, the author makes a comparison between the ITA (International Trade Administration) and ITC (International Trade Commission). It also explains what is the investigation problem in the scope of anti-dumping or neutralizing duty.
- The roles of the International Trade Administration and the International Trade Commission in Countervailing duty determinations, Manganiello, A. (1992). Suffolk Transnat'l L. Rev., 16, 571. This research describes the role of ITA (International Trade Administration) and ITC (International Trade Commission) in neutralizing duty determinations.
- A Review of the International Trade Administration Commission's Tariff Investigation Role and Capacity, Tregenna, F., & Kwaramba, M. (2014). Journal of Economic and Financial Sciences, 7. This is a review paper, which highlights the tariff of the commission of ITA (International Trade Administration), investigates about it and brings its role and capacity under discussion.
- International trade administration commission tariff investigations: an analysis of the poultry and paper cases, Kwaramba, M., & Tregenna, F. (2014). Journal of economic and financial sciences, 7(Special issue 1), 619-640. The research investigates the performance of the South African International Trade Administration Commission especially considering the tariff investigations. The particular observation is on poultry along with paper tariffs. The analysis is on the economic background, evaluate parties, submissions, the process of tariff awareness and results, the time span of an investigation, interests rates and proposals by ITAC. Studies show that ITAC has altered its tariff mechanism in accordance with the South African plans of trade. The results show incapability of ITAC in relation to taxes inquiry timeframes.
- An institutional analysis of the International Trade Administration Commission of South Africa, Tregenna, F., & Kwaramba, M. (2014). Journal of Economic and Financial Sciences, 7(Special issue 1), 641-660.This paper reviews the functioning and capacity of South African (ITAC) known as International Trade Administration Commission, observing its tariff functions. The comparison of the organizational structure of ITAC has been made to other developing states. In recent times, court rulings against ITAC decisions have decreased compared to past and this indicates the validity of decisions of the organization. ITAC constantly reviews human resources as well as business capacity standards. Organizational issues, policy recommendations, and tariff investigations are forwarded to authorities. The external department works jointly with institutions to evaluate tariffs. It complies with the economic regulations. The internal department investigates in-house commercial capacity and grading system.
- Political Economy of Antidumping Reviews: The Impact of Discretion at the International Trade Administration, Gourlay, S., & Reynolds, K. M. (2012). American University Department of Economics Working Paper Series. In this paper, the authors review the political-economic system of Anti-dumping and the effects of discretion at ITA (International Trade Administration).
- Farm Frites v International Trade Administration Commission Case 33264/14 GN, Brink, G. F. (2015). De Jure, 48(1), 227-231. This study discusses the Commission Case number 33264/14 of Farm Frites 5 ITA (International Trade Administration).
- United States Department of Commerce International Trade Administration, ORDERED, I. I. T. (1987). This paper states the detailed information about the US Department of Commerce ITA (International Trade Administration), what is it, when it was established and what are its duties, etc.