International Court of Justice - Definition
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What is the International Court of Justice?
The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the judicial arm of the United Nations (UN). The ICJ acts as an unbiased umpire in the settling legal disputes between member states. It also serves an advisory role to specialized agencies and organs of the UN. The General Assembly and Security Council elects a panel of 15 judges who serve nine-year terms at the ICJ. The It is based in the Peace Palace in The Hague, Netherlands.
Academic Research on the International Court Of Justice
- The law and procedure of the International Court of Justice 19601989: part one, Thirlway, H. (1990). British Yearbook of International Law, 60(1), 1-157. This article summarizes the history of the International Court of Justice, its composition and functions in resolving international disputes.
- The danger of fragmentation or unification of the international legal system and the International Court of Justice, Dupuy, P. M. (1998). NYUJ Int'l L. & Pol., 31, 791. The post offers in-depth details into the history of the ICJ, its function, and how it contributes to peaceful coexistent among UN member states.
- The International Court of Justice and the human rights clauses of the Charter, Schwelb, E. (1972). American Journal of International Law, 66(2), 337-351. This paper examines the impact the Charters of the United Nations have on interpreting human rights regarding the expeditionary force of South Africa in Namibia.
- Is the International Court of Justice Biased?, Posner, E. A., & De Figueiredo, M. F. (2005). The Journal of Legal Studies, 34(2), 599-630. This paper looks at the neutrality of the International Court of Justice. In its findings, the study notes that ICJ judges deliver judgments that favor the states that appoint them and states whose wealth level is like that of their own states.
- Law and procedure of the International Court of Justice: Treaty interpretation and certain other treaty points, Fitzmaurice, G. G. (1951). Brit. YB Int'l L., 28, 1. This article looks at the procedures ICJ judges use to interpret treaties.
- The Law and Procedure of the International Court of Justice 1951-4: Treaty Interpretation and Other Treaty Points, Fitzmaurice, G. (1957). Brit. Yb Int'l L., 33, 203. This book examines the law and procedure of the ICJ regarding treaty interpretation and the impact on international law.
- The International Court of Justice after fifty years, Jennings, R. Y. (1995). American Journal of International Law, 89(3), 493-505. In this paper, researchers analyze the ICJ after fifty years. The study traces the trajectory of the body from its predecessor, the Permanent Court of International Justice to a full-fledged organ of the UN backed by its own charter.
- Compliance with final judgments of the International Court of Justice since 1987, Paulson, C. (2004). American Journal of International Law, 98(3), 434-461. This study aims to find out the rate of compliance with the final judgments of the ICJ. While the researchers concluded that cases of noncompliance with final judgments are rare, it posits that the court does not follow up on the actions of parties post-judgment.
- The Amendments to the Rules of Procedure of the International Court of Justice, de Archaga, E. J. (1973). American Journal of International Law, 67(1), 1-22. This paper looks at the amendments to the ICJs Rules of Court. While the court planned a large-scale revision of its rules, it ended up amending only articles with contentious provisions.
- Territorial disputes at the International Court of Justice, Sumner, B. T. (2003). Territorial disputes at the International Court of Justice. Duke LJ, 53, 1779. This paper examines how the International Court of Justice resolves territorial disputes.
- Binding advisory opinions of the International Court of Justice, Ago, R. (1991). American Journal of International Law, 85(3), 439-451. This article looks at the legal enforceability of the courts advisory opinions under Article 96 of the Charter.
- Broadening the Advisory Jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice, Sohn, L. B. (1983). American Journal of International Law, 77(1), 124-129. In this paper, the researcher examines the broadening advisory jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice.