Brussels Tariff Nomenclature - Definition
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What is the Brussels Tariff Nomenclature (BTN)?
The Brussels Tariff Nomenclature (BTN) refers to a classification system for imported goods that was used internationally before 1976.
BTN is a standardized system of classification for imported goods, it is used in the specification of tariffs and statistics for the goods. The Brussels Tariff Nomenclature (BTN) was changed to Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature (CCCN) in 1976. However, CCCN also did not last.
In 1988, CCCN was replaced by the harmonized commodity description and coding system usually called the Harmonized System (HS) of tariff nomenclature. HS is based in Brussels, Belgium and has over 200 member countries. It is a standardized system of classifying products.
Academic Research on Brussels Tariff Nomenclature
- Tariff protection in industrial countries: an evaluation, Balassa, B. (1965). Journal of Political Economy, 73(6), 573-594.
- The January 1973 Tariff Revision, Glassburner, B. (1973). Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, 9(3), 103-108.
- Trade benefits under the EEC generalized system of preferences, Sapir, A. (1981). European Economic Review, 15(3), 339-355.
- An evaluation of the common agricultural policy as a barrier facing agricultural exports to the European Economic Community, Sampson, G. P., & Yeats, A. J. (1977). American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 59(1), 99-106.
- Harmonized Systems and Rules of Origin, The, Asakura, H. (1993). J. World Trade, 27, 5. The intra-industry trade of Benelux with the developing world, Tharakan, P. M. (1986). Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, 122(1), 131-149.
- The Brussels Tariff Nomenclature and Developing Countries, Ward, M. (1971). Economic Record, 47(4), 553-567.
- Technology and neo-mercantilism in international agricultural trade, Malmgren, H. B., & Schlechty, D. L. (1969). American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 51(5), 1325-1337.
- Tariff dispersion and trade negotiations, Cooper, R. N. (1964). Journal of Political Economy, 72(6), 597-603.
- Foreign Trade Statistics: A basic market research tool, von Kirchbach, F. (1991, July). In International Trade Forum (No. 3, p. 22). International Trade Centre.
- An Introduction to the Harmonized System, Chaplin, P. (1987). NCJ Int'l L. & Com. Reg., 12, 417.