Cottage Industry - Definition
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What is a Cottage Industry?
A cottage industry generally refers to a business that produces goods on a small scale and in a decentralized manner. It may be that the manufacturing is done from a residential dwelling. The products are often handcrafted. Cottage industries usually have only a few workers. They play an essential role in the economy of almost all countries.
Academic Research for Cottage Industry
- Proto-industrialization? Cottage industry, social change, and industrial revolution, Houston, R., & Snell, K. D. (1984). The Historical Journal, 27(2), 473-492. This paper analyzes the impact of small-scale and traditional local handicrafts including their existence in rural areas. It was established that in the past decades, dated the fifteenth and the nineteenth centuries; a new economic development swept over many regions with the expansion of the cottage industry. This stage of progress has been termed protoindustrial'', which is some form of industrialization. It begs to answer the question regarding the purpose of manufacturing and its impact on the community. Proto-industry happened in the countryside when peasant farmers, as well as semi-proletarianized workforces, needed a stream of income.
- Your life chances affect where you live: A critique of the 'cottage industry'of neighbourhood effects research, Slater, T. (2013). International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 37(2), 367-387. This article was based on evidence established by the author regarding how a person's life chances affect their environment. While they are the author's arguments, it's factual that there is a direct impact of the neighborhood effects on the genre in urban studies. It was argued that the acceptance of where someone stays affects their life chances. The thesis misses the fundamental question regarding why individuals live in certain areas in the city. By analyzing various factors that often contribute to a rise in differential lifestyles and chances, it was concluded that the theory offers a clear understanding of the injustices inherent in allowing the market to be the force that determines the housing cost.
- Drug trafficking as a cottage industry, Eck, J. E., & Gersh, J. S. (2000). Crime Prevention Studies, 11, 241-272. This article analyzes the structure of illicit drug markets and how they are defined. This is true for illegal markets that often operate at the retail level. In this paper, researchers contrast two key hypotheses regarding how the markets have been structured. At first, it posits an oligopolistic market that's comprised of a small set of large as well as hierarchically structured distribution networks. The second theory posits a cottage industry of drug trafficking made of small groups of drug traffickers that have formed easily and can also break up easily. Utilizing information garnered from federal and state local drug investigators in Washington, researchers examined the characters of traffickers investigated between 1995 and 1997. It was concluded using some implications for the control of the wholesale drug markets.
- Poverty, female labour force participation, and cottage industry: a case study of cloth embroidery in rural Multan, Azid, T., Aslam, M., & Chaudhary, M. O. (2001). The Pakistan Development Review, 1105-1118. This paper analyzes the fact that cottage industries can play a vital role in the establishment and development of various economies with the perfect example being Pakistan. As it was observed in the research, the industry doesn't need a lot of financing, imported material or advanced technology. As such, issues like a deficit in public finance as well as a balance of systems and payments aren't related to the development of cottage industries. Also, high levels of female labor force participation in the industry. This has been proved in numerous studies. This seems to be of great importance in the process of reducing poverty in rural areas.
Agriculture and cottage industry: redefining the causes of proto-industrialization, Gullickson, G. L. (1983). The Journal of Economic History, 43(4), 831-850. This article addresses prevailing theory in regards to the subsistence of pastoral agriculture as the main prerequisite for the spread of the protocol industry. It was noted that commercial agriculture, as well as proto-industrialization, are primarily viewed as incompatible. It was concluded that the growth and development of the cotton industry in the pays de Caux, a prominent fertile cereal-producing region situated in Normandy, profoundly contradicts the theory while indicating that seasonal unemployment, as well as landlessness, were the main elements of proto-industrialization. Mexican migrant-smuggling: A cross-border cottage industry, Spener, D. (2004). Journal of International Migration and Integration/Revue de l'integration et de la migration internationale, 5(3), 295-320. In this chapter, its evident that the U.S. has intensified its surveillance in the southern border with Mexico such that the unauthorized migrants have become dependent on smugglers particularly when they cross the border to arrive at their destinations in the U.S. In a report by the immigration as well as Naturalization Service, stricter border controls have systematically changed migrant smuggling into a primary sophisticated profitable industry thats dominated by large scale criminals. Rural cottage industry in Brazil, Fernandes Filho, J. F., & Campos, F. R. (2003). Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural, 41(4), 859-880. This paper argues that in recent years, there has been a debate regarding the development of various rural areas and how it has received significant contributions that address the fact that it's increasingly important to increase the number of non-agricultural rural activities about agricultural activities and establishments in the Brazilian culture. This is particular in the so-called family agriculture. To weigh in on this debate, the research seeks to analyze the information available regarding the artisanal rural industry. The study has indicated that among other facts, activities related to the artisanal sector are vital when it comes to the supply of the domestic market. Total quality management, Evans, J. R. (2002). INFOR, 40(4), 364. This chapter presents the total quality management principles and basic tools associated with total quality. It also provides numerous illustrations regarding the end-chapter cases that can be applied as the basis of a classroom discussion regarding various cottage industries and their impact on the community and service industries such as in North and South America, Europe as well as Asia. Total quality management also helps students to analyze parallels between management theories in organizational design as well as leadership. The evolution of epidemiologic research: from cottage industry to big science, Hoover, R. N. (2007). Epidemiology, 18(1), 13-17. This article disintegrates the use of big science in various sectors with a keener look at the cottage industry. The word big science was initially coined to describe multiple transitions in the manner in which science was conducted in various industrial nations during as well as after World War II. Some of the changes that the research highlighted include the assembly of big staffs, which is usually multidisciplinary, to serve in large laboratories using big machines, and utilizing significant updates. The proximal stimulus for the research was the belief that it was the only way through which one could make rapid progress as well as development in a variety of essential defense-related products particularly for the war effort. The big push, natural resource booms and growth, Sachs, J. D., & Warner, A. M. (1999). Journal of development economics, 59(1), 43-76. This article answers the question regarding the big push and its simple application where reasoning suggests that the use of natural resource booms can be vital catalysts to the development of pioneering countries. The evidence presented has been harvested from seven Latin American countries that have proposed that declining per-capita Gross Domestic Product can accompany natural resourced booms. The research goes on to offer a model with various natural resources and their ability to increase returns in big push models. The birth rate and cottage industries in underdeveloped countries, Jaffe, A. J., & Azumi, K. (1960). Economic Development and Cultural Change, 9(1, Part 1), 52-63. A lot has been written regarding the characteristics as well as the economic elements of the cottage industry. The literature is full of debate regarding the pros and cons and the desirability of every industry. The purpose of this article is to describe the relationship between various sectors including the birth rate with the aim of drawing useful conclusion and lessons about the problems that may be affecting cottage industries in regards to economic development. As the research dives into the definition, cottage industry is termed as the entire range of gamut economic activities, apart from agriculture, that is conducted near the worker's home. It is perhaps the widespread activity in light of manufacturing industry.