SMART Goals - Explained
What are SMART Goals?
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Table of ContentsWhat are SMART Goals and Objectives?Specific Measurable Achievable Relevant Time-based Additional Tips on Smart GoalsAcademic Research on Smart Goals
What are SMART Goals and Objectives?
SMART is a method used in various industries as an organizational framework. Applying the individual elements of this framework is an effective method of developing goals and objectives. SMART is an acronym representing:
Goals should be specific in what is sought to be accomplished and who is responsible for the goal.
Managers must be able to accurately determine progress toward completion and accomplishment of the goal.
Making goals achievable is an important aspect of motivating employees toward completion.
The individual goals and objectives must be relevant to the achievement of higher-level goals and objectives.
You must provide a timeline for the completion of goals as a method of organization and source of motivation.
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Additional Tips on Smart Goals
Here are some additional tips for effective goals include:
- Fewer goals allow for a focus on whats important.
- Goals should measurably be linked to factors for company success.
- Goals should link past goals with present and future goals.
- Goals should be stakeholder focused - including owners, employees, the community, buyers, and suppliers.
- Goals should generate from or have buy-in from the top.
- Multiple objectives should be assessed collectively.
- Goals must be flexible and capable of change with the environment.
- Objectives must be realistic and based upon research and factual information.
Academic Research on Smart Goals
- SMART goals, SMART schools., O'Neill, J. (2000). Educational Leadership, 57(5), 46-50.
- SMART goals, Haughey, D. (2015). ProjectSmart. co. uk. Np, nd Web, 11.
- Will the real SMART goals please stand up, Rubin, R. S. (2002). The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, 39(4), 26-27.
- The dumb thing about SMART goals for innovation, Prather, C. W. (2005). Research Technology Management, 48(5), 14.
- The development, content validity and interrater reliability of the SMARTGoal Evaluation Method: A standardised method for evaluating clinical goals, Bowman, J., Mogensen, L., Marsland, E., & Lannin, N. (2015). Australian occupational therapy journal, 62(6), 420-427.
- Setting SMART Goals For Smart Staff Development, Avery, E. F. (2012).
- Set SMART Goals, Barnes, N. Set SMART Goals.
- Motivation, SMART Goals, and Vision, Test, C.
- When SMART Goals Are Not So Smart, Reeves, M., & Fuller, J. (2018). MIT Sloan Management Review, 59(4), 1-5.
- Making SMART Goals Smarter, LFACHE, L. M. E. M.
- Performance plans: Smart analysis: Smarter goals, McPhun, H. (2014). Training & Development, 41(2), 32.