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Unit Benefit Plan Definition
A unit benefit plan is a plan that determines how much an employee will be paid in an employer-sponsored plan. This also determines the amount of money that an employer will contribute to benefit plan. The unit benefit plan calculates the dollar amount that employees will receive, this might be a percentage of their earnings in the year of service.
A Little More on What is a Unit Benefit Plan
Typically, a unit benefit plan determines the amount employees will receive based on a percentage. The percentage ranges from 1.25% – 2.5%. The percentage chosen in the benefit plan determines how much an employee would receive. Usually, at the time of retirement, the active years of service of an employee is multiplied by the predetermined percentage, then multiplied by the career average salary. That is;
Years of service /percentage /career average salary.
The unit benefit formula is used to calculate how much an employer contributes to an employer-sponsored pension plan or employee’s defined-benefit plan. Through the pension plan, faithful employees are compensated for their active years in the company.
A defined-benefit plan is a retirement plan sponsored by an employer. In this benefit plan, an employee is paid a pension payment, usually a lump sum of money contributed by the employer. There is a formula used in calculating an employee’s benefit, it is based on factors such as employee’s earnings history, years of service and age.
Employers and employees know how to calculate retirement benefits in Defined-benefit plan before time, this is why they are termed ‘defined’. Pension plans and qualified benefit plans are examples of defined-benefit plan.
Qualified Retirement Plan
A qualified retirement plan is also an employer-sponsored pension plan that is given to employees who have contributed significantly to the company. This retirement plan aligns with the stipulations of Section 401a of the Internal Revenue Code, this is why it has certain tax benefits. Employers who contribute in Qualified retirement plans enjoy tax exemption on the contributions made.
Also, a qualified retirement plan can reduce the taxable income of employees.
References for “Unit Benefit Plan”
Academic research for “Unit Benefit Plan”
Reversions of excess pension assets after takeovers, Pontiff, J., Shleifer, A., & Weisbach, M. S. (1990). Reversions of excess pension assets after takeovers. The RAND Journal of Economics, 600-613.