Uniform Gifts for Minors Act – Definition

Cite this article as:"Uniform Gifts for Minors Act – Definition," in The Business Professor, updated May 8, 2019, last accessed October 21, 2020, https://thebusinessprofessor.com/lesson/uniform-gifts-for-minors-act-definition/.


Uniform Gifts to Minors Act Definition

There are certain acts in the United States that cater for the well being of minors. The Uniform Gifts to Minors Act (UGMA) and Uniform Transfers to Minors Act (UTMA) are laws in the United States that enable minors receive gifts in terms of assets of securities without the help of their guardians. These acts allow donors to give gifts (money, patents, royalties, real estate) to minors.

Guardians of minors or individuals can open UGMA or UTMA accounts for them, this will remove the need for a trustees or an attorney when the minor is to receive assets or securities.

A Little More on What is the Uniform Gifts to Minors Act – UGMA

Typically, UGMA gifts, assets or securities are meant to cater for a minor’s education and other necessary needs. Donors in a UGMA arrangement have no limitations, any individual can contribute. Individuals can open UGMA accounts for minors in a bank or brokerage institution.

Under the UGMA law, custodians will be in possession of the gifts or assets that a minor receives till the minor is of age. The purpose of this is for accountability and to enable guardians make certain withdrawals for minors’ expenses. However, a donor is also permitted to select a custodian for the minor or assume the role in person. Once a minor becomes of age, all the gifts, assets and securities are in his possession.

UGMA Tax Implications

Although, a minor has a full possession of all income orb assets realize through a UGMA account, these income are still subject to federal taxation to a certain degree. There are certain tax reporting requirements that beneficiaries of UGMA accounts are to oblige to.

UGMA accounts are taxed based on the income they generate. Also, the beneficiary can either be taxed directly or the parent (guardian), if they choose to report the UGMA account under their personal tax returns.

Also, for federal tax purposes, the custodial of a minor UGMA account can be relinquished to the donor’s taxable property. This occur in cases whereby the donor is the custodian of the account and the donor dies before the minor claims ownership of the account.

References for Uniform Gifts for Minors Act

Academic Research on Uniform Gift to Minors Account

The Uniform Transfers to Minors Act: A Practitioner’s Guide, Peterson, P. M. (1995). Army Law., 3.

Uniform Gifts to Minors Act, Delorio, D. J. (1986). Mil. L. Rev., 112, 159.

North Carolina Enacts the Uniform Transfers to Minors Act, Jenkins, P. C. (1987). NCL Rev., 66, 1349.

Uniform Gifts of Securities to Minors Act: A Consideration of Its Merits, Moore, W. C. (1955). U. Det. LJ, 33, 298.

Retaining Control of Gifts to Minors: UTMA and IRC 2503 (c) Trusts Options, Smith, C. D. (2005). Colo. Law., 34, 39.

Uniform Gifts to Minors Act in New York and Other Jurisdictions Tax Consequences Possible Abuses and Recommendations, Newman, L. (1963). Cornell LQ, 49, 12.

Uniform Transfers to Minors Act Accounts-Progress, Potential, and Pitfalls, Maurer, J. (2003). Nova L. Rev., 28, 745.

The uniform anatomical gift Act, Stason, E. B. (1967). Bus. Law., 23, 919.

Transfers to Minors-Basic Techniques, Coghill III, C. W., & Edwards, M. B. (1990). Prob. & Prop., 4, 20.

Uniform Gifts to Minors Act: A Patent Ambiguity, The, Mahoney, M. M. (1981). Vand. L. Rev., 34, 495.

the Uniform Custodial Trust Act: an alternative to adult guardianship, Mezzullo, L. A., & Roach, M. C. (1989). U. Rich. L. Rev., 24, 65.

Was this article helpful?