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Overview of Securities Law
Securities is a broad term that basically refers to any form of ownership or beneficial interest in a business entity. Securities law concerns the sale or transfer of these business interests. This chapter introduces the security and the catch-all provision for “investment contracts” as securities. It explains the primary statutory and regulatory framework making up the securities law. It introduces the Securities Exchange Commission and its objectives and functions in enforcing the securities laws. It explains the process of selling or transferring securities to the public, known as issuing securities, before moving on to the subsequent sale or exchange of securities in the public market, such as trading securities on public exchanges. Lastly, it reviews the the major laws and forms of civil and criminal liability associated with violation of the securities laws.