Organizational Fit

Cite this article as:"Organizational Fit," in The Business Professor, updated July 6, 2020, last accessed October 22, 2020,

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What is Organizational Fit?

Behavior is a function of the individual (their personality and attitude) and the situation or context. Organizations seek to establish a degree of congruence or fit between the individuals that make up the organization.

There are two commonly-understood types of desired fit:

  • Person–organization – This type of fit is the extent to which an individual’s values, beliefs, and interests align with those of the organization (which is generally understood to be the dominant or collective values, interests, and beliefs of the individuals).
  • Person–job – This type of fit includes the knowledge, skills, and ability of an individual to carry out the duties and functions required or desired of the position.

Research has shown that individuals who have both person-organization and person-job fit, they perform better and are more content with their positions.

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