Multivariate Model – Definition

Cite this article as:"Multivariate Model – Definition," in The Business Professor, updated July 29, 2019, last accessed August 11, 2020,


Multivariate Model Definition

The multivariate model is a widely used statistical measure that consider multiple variables for arriving at feasible results. Financial analysts utilize multivariate models in order to assess several scenarios for predicting investment returns, and figure out what risks are associated with a specific portfolio. And this approach makes it easier for portfolio managers to counterbalance the risks involved. The Monte Carlo simulation is a famous multivariate model that formulates a probability distribution with a view to outline various possible outcomes of an investment. Financial strategists use this model a lot.

A Little More on What is a Multivariate Model

By using the multivariate models, analysts experiment with several scenarios and identify what possible impacts they may have. For instance, one can do scenario analysis using the multivariate model for identifying the impact of a specific investment on the entire return offered by a portfolio in unique market conditions like excessive inflation, less interest rates, etc. This also helps in knowing about how well a firm performs, the value of stock options, and the ways to innovate. With the addition of firm data points to the multivariate model, one can experience an increase in the anticipated ranges, and the confidence level in the model itself.

Multivariate Models and the Insurance Industry

Multivariate models are widely used by insurance organizations. They set prices for an insurance policy on the basis of the possibility of disbursing a claim. With a mere set of data points such as the applicant’s age and location, insurers can include them in their multivariate model that decides on the right pricing strategy by pulling from added databases or information. Accurate data points such as sex, present medical status, any other policies bought, age, etc. and refined variables such as average regional lifespan, average regional income, etc. are the variables that allocate anticipated outcomes in order to create a pricing policy.

Pros and Cons of Multivariate Modeling

One of the major benefits that the multivariate modeling offers is the consideration of ‘what if’ scenarios. For instance, the prospective price of investment A within a certain range is affected by variables. With the addition of more concrete or proven data in the model, there is an increase in confidence while making predictions, and tightening of the predictive or anticipated range. Just like any other model, the data outflow seems to be equally as smooth as the data inflow. However, this model can lose its significance with the risk of black swan events, no matter how good the data sets and variables involved are. And that’s the reason these models don’t have the authority to trade. The financial decision makers use the predictions and estimates of such models as a useful source of data, and take a certain decision.

References for “Multivariate Model

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