Multinational Pooling – Definition

Cite this article as:"Multinational Pooling – Definition," in The Business Professor, updated July 29, 2019, last accessed October 21, 2020, https://thebusinessprofessor.com/lesson/multinational-pooling-definition/.

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Multinational Pooling Definition

Multinational pooling refers to a process that international organizations follow to control the risks associated with the employee benefit plans globally. In this case, they merge several employee benefit programs and create an international pool of funds. This ultimately results in having secured financial savings, and better risk control.

A Little More on What is Multinational Pooling

Multinational pooling uses policies from more than a nation and combines them into a multinational pooling program. The financial mechanism of this program considers using dividend payments on an international level. This helps in cutting down the expenses of insured employee incentives. Small insured pools covering less than 100 insured employees can see multinational pooling as a money-making strategy. They are not as big for being experience rated, and due to that, the historical information for ascertaining the risks associated with future claims is not adequate. This ultimately lets them to take appropriate steps in order to calculate the cost of the policy. Multinational pooling welcomes insured groups (irrespective of their size) to be a part of the pool, to take optimum price risks, and get benefitted from the final savings.

Multinational Pooling vs Local Level

Multinational pooling can be referred to as the multi-country accumulation of financial outputs of local group insurance agreements into a single experience rated pool. This means that beyond considering the multi-nation level, there is no difference in the way multinational pooling and local level offer insurance. The rules and policies of local-level administration face no changes under a multi-country pool. The payment of premiums and claims is made assuming no pool exists. Local pools don’t have to incur an extra administration expenses. Multinational pooling offers the advantage of one product with the risk management level, and price related benefits of considerably a larger pool.

Many types of insurance like medical, accident, death, disability, fully-insured retirement savings plans, etc. get covered under multinational pooling.

Types of Multinational Pooling

The two types of multinational pooling are:

  • Company-specific: Multinationals with their global clients who can manage to do pooling by themselves use company-specific pooling.
  • Multi-client specific: These pools are suitable for organizations who have less international reach, but can minimize expenses by partnering with other organizations.

Every firm that uses multinational pooling will receive the following advantages:

  • Savings in financial costs
  • Reporting on yearly basis
  • Global experience rating
  • Economies of scale
  • Favorable underwriting terms
  • Effective management tool

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