Johari Window Definition

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Johari Window Definition

The Johari window refers to a system that is majorly used in self-help groups and community settings to help people know their correlation with themselves and others. Joseph Luft and Harrington Ingham who were both psychologists created this system in 1955 and called the model ‘Johari’ after combining their first names which are Jo and Harrington.

A Little More on What is Johari Window

In the Johari window, there is a list of adjectives in which the subject picks several words that they think explains their individuality. Subject peers then take a similar list and they choose out the same number of adjectives as the subjects which they think describes the client. They then enter the adjectives in a two- by- two grids of four cells.

Charles Handy who is a theorist refers to this model as Johari House with four rooms. One room describes the insensible side of ourselves that either we or others are able to view. Room two describes the real characters of ourselves that we don’t know about yet other people can see. Room three has a description of our side that we know and would not like other people to know. Room four explains the unconscious aspects that not even ourselves nor do others comprehend.

The four quadrants

Open, or Arena

This is the cell of the grid that both the subject and peers’ character description goes. These are the character traits that they had chosen.

Hidden, or Façade

This quadrant contains the character traits that only the subject picked but their peers did not pick.

Blind Spot

This contains the character traits that the peers only picked but the subject didn’t pick, it’s basically what others think of someone but the subjects are unaware.


This grid contains the adjective that was not selected by both parties. These refer to character traits that both the subject and the peer doesn’t see or know, this may be as a result of negligent for both parties to see or the subject doesn’t show them out.

Motivational equivalent

Meta-emotions are a model that is made up of vital emotions gives out a likelihood of a meta-emotional window as a motivational complement to the meta-cognitive Johari window.


Unknown square and blind spot square are used as a healing objective which may result in a better understanding of one’s self. Self-willingness to open out on Private Square may lead to better interpersonal familiarity and closeness.

Some examples of unknown factors can be as follows:

Intuitive feeling

Dislikes and likes that a person might be having

Childhood habituated characters

A certain skill that has never been tried or looked down on due to lack of confidence, guidance, support or chance

Diseases that they are unaware they have

Talents they are unaware of

For instance, in a learning setting, a tutor can help a student realize how inside and outside school experiences can affect their learning. This self-realization reduces the unknown dimension of oneself.

References for Johari Window

Academic Research on the Johari Window

  • The Johari window, Luft, J., & Ingham, H. (1961). Human Relations Training News, 5(1), 6-7. This article is concerned with Johari window by looking into the various kinds of human relations.
  • The Johari Window: a graphic model of awareness in interpersonal relations, Luft, J., & Ingham, H. (1961). Human relations training news, 5(9), 6-7. This section investigates the link between Johari Window and the interpersonal relations by using a graphics model as the case study.
  • Viewing information needs through a Johari Window, Shenton, A. K. (2007). Reference Services Review, 35(3), 487-496. The aim of this paper is the application of the Johari Window outline in the comprehension of interpersonal communication. Newly built edition of the window is used to recognize the implications that come out for the information professionals and outline a type of information needs. The need for Information fall under five major classifications: needs familiar to the subject peer but not to the subject, needs familiar to the both parties, needs that are not known by both parties, needs known by the subject peer but not by the individual, and needs which are not well known by the profession of information or individual. Idealizing information needs of the subject. Johari windows show the relevance of the information professionals in assisting the clients to get content information needs of themselves. Johari Window has not been previously applied in the research of information needs and so few authors have made an effort to use the outline in any area of library and information science (LIS) at all. LIS academics and library professionals who work mostly with information users can find it of interest since it deals with both practical and hypothetical scope.
  • Supervision and the Johari window: a framework for asking questions, Halpern, H. (2009). Education for Primary Care, 20(1), 10-14. This section focuses on how Johari Window can be supervised. This can be achieved by coming up with a framework which can be used for asking questions.
  • Combining mandala and the Johari Window: An exercise in self-awareness, South, B. (2007). Teaching and Learning in Nursing, 2(1), 8-11. This piece of writing points out the progress of Mandala/Johari Window, an explanation of Mandalas and of the Johari Window and suggestions for application and improvements. The Mandala/ Johari Window exercise helps the students in realizing the importance of knowing themselves. Self – awareness helps on in setting personal limits, setting of goals, critical thinking skills, know their weaknesses and also in the development of beneficial associations.
  • The Johari Window and the dark side of organizations, Hase, S., Davies, A., & Dick, B. (1999). Southern Cross University. Every firm has its own negative side and challenges, a field that is not much considered in the management training programs. Hidden agendas and conspiracies of silence are some of the concerns which impact on workers and the success of the organizations.  All these negative aspects of the firms have been brought to light by the Johari Window.
  • The Johari Window test: A research note, Esposito, R. P., Mcadoo, H., & Scher, L. (1978). Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 18(1), 79-81. The author in this article talks about how Johari Window was tested and put into practical use in the human aspect of life.
  • Validation of the Johari Window Test as a measure of self-disclosure, Shapiro, D. E., Heil, J., & Hager, F. (1983). The Journal of social psychology, 120(2), 289-290. This article is concerned with how Johari Window has been approved and confirmed as a tool of self-disclosure.
  • The Johari Window: A Reconceptualization, Newstrom, J. W., & Rubenfeld, S. A. (1983, March). In Developments in Business Simulation and Experiential Learning: Proceedings of the Annual ABSEL conference (Vol. 10). This argues that a few attempts have been made to put into operation this model which has all failed. A classic window is brought about as an alternative and it majors on four roles important in achieving greater interpersonal growth feedback solicitation, self-awareness, openness, and facilitating confession. It is offered as a typical tool for student experimental usage in self-awareness.
  • The Johari Window as an evaluative instrument for group process., Esposito, R. P., McAdoo, H., & Scher, L. (1975). Interpersonal Development. Pre and post-experiment were done on 27 undergraduates on personal Orientation Inventory (POI) and a tool developed from Johari Window to determine growth in self-awareness from a human potential course.  Self-awareness occurred in predicted dimensions on both experiments with noticeable impacts. People with high openness were also high in naturalness, compassion to personal needs, and self-awareness. Ss closed to relativity were low in self-regard and naturalness.
  • Dynamics of the Johari Window: A simulation, Shirland, L. E. (1977, December).In Proceedings of the 9th conference on Winter simulation-Volume 1 (pp. 396-401). Winter Simulation Conference. A mathematical model is brought up to find out the managerial behaviors by use of the concepts designed by Markov chains. The author finds out that behavior change strategies tend to be replicated. Findings presented show that information flows between window panes and by associating with barriers between the panes, expected changes can be noticed.
  • JOHARI WINDOW: An Effective Model for Improving Interpersonal Communication and Managerial Effectiveness, Saxena, P. (2015). SIT Journal of Management, 5(2), 134-146. Communication is the main factor in the success of an organization. Companies are built around the environment and people of trust and mutual understanding that encourages positive interpersonal relations and can also improve the individual productivity of people in an organization. Johari Window is a model that provides self-awareness which improves communications between people and understanding. This study also brings out the relation between managerial success and interpersonal communication inside the organization. In addition to this, JOHARI WINDOW has the capacity to bring awareness on how various personalities within the organization share information.
  • Communication: The Role of the Johari Window on Effective Leadership Communication in Multinational Corporations, Tran, B. (2018). In Social Issues in the Workplace: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice (pp. 135-160). IGI Global. Going by the past survey leadership goes hand in hand with communication in terms of a task and relation. In addition to this, followers become highly satisfied when their leaders are in a position to express themselves effectively. Great communication also enhances greater leadership. Therefore, Johari Window offers effective leadership communication in multinational corporations (MNCs).

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