Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions

Cite this article as:"Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions," in The Business Professor, updated April 23, 2020, last accessed October 29, 2020, https://thebusinessprofessor.com/lesson/hofstedes-cultural-dimensions/.

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What is Hofstedes Framework?

Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions Theory is a framework for cross-cultural communications. The framework seeks to demonstrate the effects of a society’s culture on the values of members of the culture and their behavior. The theory proposes six dimensions through which cultural values can be analyzed:

  • Individualistic vs Collectivistic
  • High vs Low Power Distance (strength of social hierarchy)
  • High vs Low Uncertainty Avoidance
  • Masculinity-Femininity (Task Orientation vs Person Orientation)
  • Long-Term vs Short-Term Orientation
  • Indulgence vs Self-Restraint

Researchers assess individual cultures on each dimension on a scale of 1-100. This allows for comparison of cultures based upon the individual dimensional scores.

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