Exporter Identification Number – Definition

Cite this article as:"Exporter Identification Number – Definition," in The Business Professor, updated December 1, 2018, last accessed October 24, 2020, https://thebusinessprofessor.com/lesson/exporter-identification-number-explained/.


Exporter Identification Number (EIN) Definition

An exporter identification number (EIN) is required for shipping goods and services from United States to other foreign country. The EIN is issued by Internal Revenue Service, Department of Treasury. It is is filed through the Automated Export System. The EIN contains information on the sender and receiver of goods and information about goods that are exported.

A Little More About What is an Exporter Identification Number

An export identification number (EIN) is a numerical code that is used by business entities and individuals who are engaged in exporting activities. Individuals are required to acquire an export identification (EIN) if they want to export products to other countries, even if they do not have a registered business. The EIN requirements do not vary.

References for Exporter Identification Number

Academic Research on Exporter Identification Number (EIN)

●      US multinational activity abroad and US jobs: substitutes or complements?, Harrison, A. E., McMillan, M. S., & Null, C. (2007). Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society46(2), 347-365. This paper focuses on the general misconception that firms are driven by low labor cost abroad. This paper reports stylized facts on the activities of U.S. multinationals at home and abroad for the years 1977 to 1999. Focus is placed on firms in manufacturing and services, two sectors that have received extensive media attention for supposedly exporting jobs.

●      Outsourcing, offshoring, and trade: identifying foreign activity across Census data products, Jarmin, R., Krizan, C. J., & Tang, J. (2009). This paper analyses the 2007 Economic Census research which included asking  establishments to identify if they engaged in domestic outsourcing or foreign offshoring for manufacturing and wholesaling.

●      Globalization and price dispersion: Evidence from US trade flows, Tang, J. P. (2010). This paper explores the change in prices for imported commodities across American trade partners using a confidential panel dataset comprising the universe of U.S. import trade transactions between 1992 and 2007,

●      Dynamics in Input Sourcing, Chung, E. (2017). This study explores the dynamics of intermediate input sourcing using the confidential U.S. customs trade data from the U.S. Census.

●      Assortative matching of exporters and importers, Sugita, Y., Teshima, K., & Seira, E. (2014). PEDL Research Paper, Department for International Development (London). This paper explores the dynamics of intermediate input sourcing using the confidential U.S. customs trade data from the U.S. Census.

●      Assortative Matching of Exporters and Importers: Evidence From a Large Trade Liberalization Episode, Sugita, Y., Teshima, K., & Seira, E. Assortative. This paper examines what determines matching of exporters and importers by investigating how matching changes in a large trade liberalization episode in apparel/textile industries.

●      Strategic analysis and export behaviour of SMEs: A comparison between the United States and Canada, Prefontaine, L., & Bourgault, M. (2002). International Small Business Journal20(2), 123-138. This study focuses on the strategic analysis and the export behaviour of SMEs using an empirical study which was conducted in the aerospace sector.

●      US importer security filing: advance electronic data under the SAFE Framework meets the real world, Blegen, B. C. (2009). World Customs Journal3(1), 71-83. This paper explores the concept of the World Customs Organization (WCO) SAFE Framework of Standards (SAFE Framework) and the United States Importer Security Filing being the first implementation of this principle.This article provides a comprehensive overview of the new requirements, an analysis of their impact on traders, and draws attention to certain aspects of the US initiative which may, if not modified, impede its successful implementation, and which should be considered by other countries looking to put in place similar requirements.

●      Measuring the dynamics of young and small businesses: Integrating the employer and nonemployer universes, Davis, S. J., Haltiwanger, J., Jarmin, R. S., Krizan, C. J., Miranda, J., Nucci, A., & Sandusky, K. (2007).  National Bureau of Economic Research.

●      New Ventures, Guzik, M. (2011). New Ventures. In CFO Techniques (pp. 307-314). Apress. This study explores the benefits of employees working under a dynamic and ambitious employer.

●      Domestic employment in US-based multinational companies, Weber, E., Kim, M. M., & Mason, L. (2011). Monthly Labor Review, 3.

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