Export Declaration (SED) Definition
An export declaration, or shipper’s export declaration (SED), is an official document that contains details of goods that are being exported or imported. It is generally completed by the exporter and introduced to port authorities at the time of export. It serves as an export control document and provides information on the type, value, and quantity of exports. This information is used by the government to compile foreign trade information.
A Little More on What is an Export Declaration
Any US exporter (or the freight forwarder) must complete Form 2575-V required by the US Department of Commerce and present it to the US Customs Service at the port of export. If the commodities being exported are valued at US$2,500 or higher or postal shipment are valued at $500 or higher, the individual must make the requisite filing. The form must be completed for any shipments to embargoed countries or if the shipment requires an exporter license.
This form is used by the U.S. Census Bureau to compile trade statistics and exert export controls. The Automated Export System (AES) allows shippers to make the requisite filing online.
References for Export Declaration
Academic Research on Export Declaration
An examination of barriers to exporting encountered by small manufacturing companies, Rabino, S. (1980). Management International Review, 67-73. This article focuses on the perceptions of small exporting firms in high technology industries. Results of the study indicate some similarities with existing research. The dissatisfaction of executives with government attitude towards exporting is similar. Also, for proper export operations, the distribution step is very important. While the use of export/import house is not the best strategy, finding a reliable distributor in a foreign country is quite difficult.
Study and applications of data mining to the structure risk analysis of customs declaration cargo, Yan-hai, L. (2005, October). In e-Business Engineering, 2005. ICEBE 2005. IEEE International Conference on (pp. 761-764). IEEE. This article studies the application of data mining used in the analysis of structure risk of customs declaration cargo to solve the case of disagreement between the increase in cargo quantities and customs limited inspection force. This article classifies cargo into seven types using the cluster method of data mining. Results show that this method is good for reforming the mode of operation of customs inspection.
Data mining for web-based support systems: A case study in e-custom systems, Razmerita, L., & Kirchner, K. (2010). In Web-based Support Systems (pp. 387-402). Springer, London. This article gives examples of a Web-based support system (WSS) that is used to simplify trade procedures, avert possible security threats, and minimize tax-related frauds in over-the-border trades. It also discusses the implications and infers additional enhancements to show how such systems can evolve to a Web-based decision support system with the help of data mining methods. The authors provide a genuine example of how data mining can be utilized to analyze the rich amount of data gathered while simultaneously keeping an eye on the container movements in the supply chain.
Implementation of the core list of export controls: computer and software controls, McKenzie, J. F. (1992) Software LJ, 5, 1. Since its commencement in 1949, the main objective of the United States exports control program embodied in the Export Administration Act and the Export Administration Regulation has been to limit the access of the Soviet Union and its Warsaw Pact allies to Western technology. These Western technologies could make momentous contributions to the military power of those countries. The United States in the early 1950s, to promote its objectives sponsored the creation of a multi-national export control organization, COCOM, comprising of the principal Western industrial countries.
Measuring state exports: is there a better way?, Coughlin, C. C., & Mandelbaum, T. B. (1991). Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review, 73(July/August 1991). Over the years, jobs and incomes in many states are now closely attached to exports. To evaluate the economic impacts of state exports, it’s necessary to have dependable information on the level of export activity within each state. The information can also be used for several purposes. For example, export data can be used by policymakers to determine the effectiveness of export activity stimulating programs, it can also be used to evaluate the impacts of trade policy changes such as the free trade agreement with Mexico.
State export data: origin of movement vs. origin of production, Cassey, A. J. (2009). Journal of Economic and Social Measurement, 34(4), 241-268. Data which records the movement of state exports is called Origin of Movement (OM) series. The datum shows the state an export starts its journey, not the location where the export is produced (OP). The author describes the collection, dissemination, and limitations of the OM data. He performs diagnostic tests to determine how effectively the OM data represents OP.
An investigation into the measures affecting the integration of ASEAN’s priority sectors (Phase 2): the case of logistics, De Souza, R., Goh, M., Gupta, S., & Lei, L. (2007). REPSF Project, 6. The main purpose of ASEAN is to set up a single market in the twelve identified priority sectors. One is those sectors is Logistics. The first part of this study surveys the existing foreign inventories of policy and other processes that block the formation of a single market. It also commented on the use of survey and other methods to gain insight into the significance of these processes. The second part of the study involves carrying out the specific activities proposed by CIES (2006) for the systematic investigation of the measures that affect integration in the logistics service sector.
Technological teleology and the theory of technology enactment: The case of the international trade data system, Garson, G. D. (2003). Social Science Computer Review, 21(4), 425-431. The book “Building the Virtual State: Information Technology and Institutional Change” written by Jane Fountain, uses the International Trade Data System (ITDS) as its main reason to support technology enactment theory and reject the technological determinist theory. After the termination of Fountain’s coverage in 1999, the reexamination of the ITDS case showed that the case is of a different nature than represented in the book.
The Economic Impact of the Freedom of Information Act, Casey Jr, W. L., Marthisen, J. E., & Moss, L. S. (1984). Act. AIPLA QJ, 12, 76. The authors disclosed in their previous book that the Freedom of Information Act discourages the dissemination of economically valuable type of business information termed “circumstantially relevant business information”. The authors also observed that the Freedom of Information Act reduce investment returns and thereby discourage studies about market opportunities.
Statistics of Imports and Exports, Rutter, F. R. (1916). Quarterly publications of the American Statistical Association, 15(113), 16-34. The collection of imports and exports statistics seems like a simple task. The problems experienced in the collection of commercial statistics is quite simpler than those encountered in census statistics, labor statistics, and crop estimates. But there is a problem quite serious and distinct in import and export statistics that hasn’t caught the attention of American statisticians. Custom controls do not carry out an adequate check of accuracy diverting their attention from statistical requirements.
Electronic data interchange, Ambler, C. A., Hyman, S. M., & Mesenbourg, T. L. (1995). Business Survey Methods, 339-354. Electronic data interchange (EDI) is the exchange of business transaction information in a standard electronic format between both parties of the transaction. EDI is becoming the norm for the modern business world. Electronic mail and information retrieval services are rapidly replacing reports, letters, and other documents. In this article, the authors describe initiatives executed by the U.S Bureau of the Census to develop an EDI reporting capability for its economic surveys and censuses.
Control of Exports from the USA, Thau, T. L. (1963). Bus. Law., 19, 845. The disagreement between the USSR and Communist China, the Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, the Russian Wheat purchases, the French recognition of Communist China, West European Trade with Cuba -all these events and more have shaped the thoughts of Americans when trading with the USSR and other European Communist Countries. The author uses this paper to remark on the question of how to obtain a license to engage in export transactions and what to do when your company is having problems with the government about an export transaction.