Economic Conditions – Definition

Cite this article as:"Economic Conditions – Definition," in The Business Professor, updated September 20, 2019, last accessed December 4, 2020,


Economic Conditions Definition

Economic conditions tell about the current condition of a nation’s or a location’s economy. There are continuous fluctuations in these conditions followed by business and economic cycles, when the economy is in the expansion or contraction stage. In the expansion phase, economic conditions of a country are positive and in favor of the economy, while during contraction phase, the conditions turn out to be negative.

A Little More on What are Economic Conditions

Several microeconomic and macroeconomic factors such as international economy’s conditions, productivity, unemployment, monetary and fiscal policy, inflation, etc. have a huge role to play in the economic conditions of a nation.

Determination of economic conditions

Economy related statistics are published regularly, be it on weekly, monthly, or quarterly basis. Unemployment rate and growth of GDP are some of the economic factors that economists consider very minutely for knowing the country’s economic conditions and bringing any prospective changes for improvement. One can elaborate the economic conditions based on the unemployment rate, growth rate of GDP, extent of current account, surplus or deficit in budget, rate of inflation, etc.

In general terms, one can divide economic indicators in three categories: leading, coincident, or lagging. One can research about the economic conditions occurring in the future, present, and past. Majority of economists are keen to know about the economic conditions of a nation or a place in the coming three or six months. For instance, economic factors such as exclusive orders received for the goods produced or brand new permits launched in real estate industry can be correlated with production rates and building new homes, and this further signifies how steady the economic activity will be in the coming months.

Many other indicators such as consumer confidence index, retail firms placing fresh orders for products, and the extent of inventory that a business needs to maintain for meeting the market demand also enable in predicting the future economic conditions in an effective manner.

Why economic conditions are important for investors and business organizations?

Economic conditions offer significant information to investors and organizations. By analyzing economic conditions, investors tend to make predictions about their profitability levels and the pace at which the economy can grow. With better economic conditions, investors gain confidence in the market, and invest more with an expectation of receiving higher returns. However, in case of poor economic conditions, they will resist investing in shares and securities. In case of business organizations, they analyze economic conditions for knowing if they are experiencing any increase in sales, or having a better profitable position. Usually, companies consider the trends from the previous year as a base and add them to the recent economic projections made for the related products or services. For instance, a builder before starting construction work would assess the economic conditions prevailing in the housing industry, and based on that assessment, it will make editions to its strategies.

Reference for “Economic Conditions”…/world-economic-situation-and-prospects-201……/Economic-Conditions.html…/default.aspx

Was this article helpful?