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Annualized Income Installment Method – Definition

Cite this article as:"Annualized Income Installment Method – Definition," in The Business Professor, updated June 9, 2019, last accessed October 20, 2020, https://thebusinessprofessor.com/lesson/annualized-income-installment-method-definition/.


Annualized Income Installment Method Definition

An Annualized Income Installment Method is a tax reporting method that helps taxpayers effectively and accurately estimate their taxes. This method calculates an employee’s (taxpayer’s) estimated tax and helps to reduce the underpayment they might have incurred as a result of fluctuations in income.

In the United States, taxpayers who do not have a steady income can have part of their paychecks withheld for tax purposes. Self-employed individuals or business owners can also set a part of their income aside or pay a lump sum as an installment payment for part of all of their estimated taxes. There are three basic methods for installment payment of tax that the Internal Revenue Service provides.

A Little More on What is the Annualized Income Installment Method

The annualized income installment method as used by taxpayers in the United States aids an accurate assessment of taxes. This method calculates annual tax amount on installment in order to minimize cost of revenue as well as fluctuation of income due to penalties.

For a taxpayer that pays quarterly, the accurate amount to be paid is realized by dividing an annual tax amount into four parts. However, to enhance an effective use of the annual income installment method, the Internal Revenue Service provides taxpayers with necessary tools and materials for calculation. The 505 publication of IRS contains worksheets and forms that taxpayers can use. The table 2210 IRS is also introduced but because it is a bit complex, calculations are done on the IRS datasheet.

For example, if taxpayer Charles and Harrison have $200,000 as their annual estimated tax. This is divided quarterly, making a sum of $50,000 every quarter. If charles receives his revenue with an income of 25% every quarter, tax payments can be made on schedule.

Harrison on the other hand with an imbalance income can pay 0%, 20%, 30% and 50% in each quarter. He has four different amounts that can together make up the overall annual tax estimation. If Harrison makes payments that partly coincide in time, he can establish his donations in such a way that they can be accompanied by his income. However, calculating this contribution in this way is quite technical, it is mostly done by experts.

References for Annualized Income Installment Method

Annualized Income Installment Method

Methods of Accounting: Their Role in the Federal Income Tax Law, Hahn, J. G. (1960). Wash. ULQ, 1.

Tax Tips For The Newly Single, McLauchlan, C. I. (1995). Fam. Advoc., 18, 32.

Income Tax Consequences in the Administration of Decedents’ Estates, North, J. E. (1960). Neb. L. Rev., 39, 273.

Accounting Periods and Methods of Accounting under the 1954 Code, Lindgran, J. P. (1954). Taxes, 32, 710.

New Corporate Estimated Tax Rules: Calculating Annualized Income Isn’t What It Used to Be, Auclair, D., & Shevak, R. (2007). Tax Executive, 59, 429.

   Estimated Declaration and Advance Payment of Corporate Income Tax, Schaumburg, D. B. (1954). Tax Executive, 7, 49.

Tax Practice: Estimated Tax Payments Aren’t Estimates Anymore, Thorpe, T. J., & Simons, K. (1992). Journal of Accountancy, 173(5), 31.

Abating IRS penalties, CITP, C. (2017). Journal of Accountancy, 223(1), 66.

An Update On Involuntary Conversions, Harris, T. G., & Pollard, W. B. (1988). The CPA Journal, 58(8), 109.

Estimated Payments by Estates and Trusts under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, Blase, J. G. (1987). Taxes, 65, 447.

Withholding on Foreign Partners-General Tax Limitations Apply, Biegeleisen, A., & Biondo, G. (1992). The CPA Journal, 62(5), 62.

Problems of large corporations paying estimated income tax, White, H. J. (1984). The CPA Journal (pre-1986), 54(000004), 50.


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