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Overview of the US Constitution
The US Constitution is the supreme law of the United States. It provides the framework for our Federal Government and is the model for state governments. It establishes certain individual rights and provides protection against government interference with those rights. It also provides the authority for the federal and state governments to pass laws governing individuals and property. This chapter will review the major provisions (Articles) of the Constitution that establish the framework for the legal system. It will explore the dichotomy between federal and state governments and touch on the major constitutional protections of individual rights — primarily contained in the Bill of Rights and subsequent Amendments. Notably, it will explore the procedural protections for those made subject to the legal system. Lastly, it will explain the government’s authority to pass laws and the standards that apply when determining the legality of the laws they pass.