19. What laws govern the mechanics of disclosure of information in a securities offering?
Regulation S-K is an SEC promulgated regulation that applies to new issuances under the ’33 Act and subsequent sale or transfer of securities under the ’34 Act. This regulates the specific types of information that an issuer must disclose to the public. The primary disclosure statement in an IPO is the registration statement (Forms S-1 and S-3 for Securities Act (33 Act)). Publicly-traded companies are subject to Schedule 14A (requiring disclosure of proxy statements). Public companies are also subject to continued reporting by filing form 10-K, 10-Q, 8-K for ’34 Act.
• Note: The disclosure requirements are often extensive and difficult for companies to manage.