NAB Business Confidence Index Definition
The NAB Business Confidence Index is an index published by the National Australia Bank used for assessing the strength of business in Australia. The National Australia Bank publishes the business confidence index monthly and quarterly based on the surveys carried out on the Australian businesses. Around 600 small, medium and large non-agricultural Australian companies and organizations are covered in this survey. The index provides an overall picture of the Australian economy. The NAB Business Confidence Index was first published in 1997 and is continuing since.
A Little More on the NAB Business Confidence Index
The NAB Business Confidence Index is developed based on a single survey question. The question that is asked to the companies is, “excluding normal seasonal changes, how do you expect business conditions facing your industry to change in the next three months?”. It aims to measure the expectation of business condition for the upcoming months and a simple average of trading, profitability and employment indices of the respondent companies.
The negative responses are deducted from the positive responses to get the net balance. The index is prepared on this net balance. A positive net balance indicates improving business confidence and a negative net balance indicates a failing business confidence. The survey question aims to gauge the near-term economic outlook.
Since 1997 until 2018 the average of the index is 5.98. The highest point was reached in April 2002, the index was +21. During the global economic crisis of 2008, the index hit the record low of -30 in October that year. In November 2018 the index fell to 3, lowest since January 2016.
The National Australian Bank further analyzes the index according to industry, region, and components. The monthly report covers different business conditions including tax regulation, housing prices, interest rates, supply and demand, labor market, wages, input and output prices, and others.
The companies that are covered by the survey operates in various industries including manufacturing, construction, mining, retail and wholesale trade, transportation, recreation and entertainment, and finance and IT.
Separate charts are furnished in the full report for each of these industries and for eight states of Australia. A detailed text report is also compiled by the analysts based on a comprehensive questionnaire. The text report analyses the factors influencing the respondent’s opinions. The index affects the movement of the value of the Australian dollar.
References For NAB Business Confidence Index
Academic Research on the NAB Business Confidence Index
- · Measuring productivity in the Australian banking sector, Oster, A., & Antioch, L. (1995, July). In Productivity and Growth, Proceedings of a Conference, Reserve Bank of Australia, July. This article briefly discusses some of the conceptual issues related to determining the level of productivity in the finance sector. It also looked into a range of productivity indicators in the banking component of the industry, with more focus on the reference to the National Australia Bank (NAB). A test on these indicators at this enterprise level may help in revealing the actual productivity level in the banking and finance sector since the 1980s.
- · Corporate governance failure and its impact on National Australia Bank’s performance, Thomson, D., & Jain, A. (2006). This article analyses the critical impact of corporate governance failure through mismanagement and board of directors in NAB’s performance from 2001-2005
- · Morrison v. National Australia Bank and the future of extraterritorial application of the US securities laws, Beyea, G. (2011). Ohio St. LJ, 72, 537. The Supreme Court recently decided that the Morrison v. National Australia Bank, in overturning more fifty years of the federal court jurisprudence, which limits the capacity of investors who intend to rely on the U.S security laws to protect them when they report fraud, regarding them as a foreign investor. This article argues that the Morrison decision significantly curtails the extraterritorial application of the security laws, which may pose harm to the investors’ confidence level. It also has the power to encourage more prominent International Corporation in regulating transnational security fraud, as well as acting as a catalyst in controlling reform in other countries.
- · A decade of internationalization: the experience of an Australian retail bank, Fung, J. G., Bain, E. A., Onto, J. G., & Harper, I. R. (2002). Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, 12(4-5), 399-417. This article examines the internationalization of the National Australia Bank (NAB), which started at the 1980s. Interestingly the international activities NAB focused more on retail banking, something which is not common outside ethnic banking. This article discusses NABs motives and strategies in the context of its competitiveness in the environment and in conjunction with those that the literature identifies the multinational banking and other multinational banks evince.
- · FDI and internationalization: Evidence from US subsidiaries of foreign banks, Tschoegl, A. E. (2002). Journal of international business studies, 33(4), 805-815. More than eight foreign banks own the ten largest U.S affiliates or subsidiaries of foreign banks. These bring the total of assets in affiliates and subsidiaries to more than 86%.
- · The impact of the global financial crisis on the efficiency of Australian banks, Moradi-Motlagh, A., & Babacan, A. (2015). Economic Modelling, 46, 397-406. The goal of this report is to determine the efficiency levels of the major banks in Australia and some regional banks, before, during and after the Global Financial Crisis (GFC) by testing the technical scales and efficiencies obtained from the bootstrap Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA).
- · How small business firms select a bank: Comparisons between the United States and Australia, Trayler, R., Nielson, J., & Jones, R. (2000). Journal of Financial Services Marketing, 5(1), 73-85. This paper shows what small business firm in the United States and Australia look when choosing a banking partner.
- · Foreign-owned banks: Implications for New Zealand’s financial stability, Hull, L. (2002). This article discusses the results of the diversification of parent companies assets extensively and also discusses the implications of the institutional arrangements between parents and their subsidiaries to enhance financial stability. Furthermore, the level of interdependence between Australia and New Zealand is analysed. Lastly, these articles present the stylized implications of the structure of the significant bank market behaviour during a crisis. The relationship between these three factors reveals the impact of foreign bank ownership on financial stability in New Zealand.
- · Corporate social responsibility reporting: a business strategy by Australian Banks?, Thomson, D., & Jain, A. (2009). This paper briefly reviews the development of Corporate Social Responsibility reports from the perspective of two large Australian banks and attempts to understand their motivation for voluntary disclosure.
- · Retail bank marketing in Western Australia, Kaynak, E., & Whiteley, A. (1999). International journal of Bank marketing, 17(5), 221-233. The primary significance of the survey to determine and evaluate the imperative value of selected patronage motives used by the Australia retail bank customers in choosing a commercial bank.
- · Access to United States Courts by Purchasers of Foreign Listed Securities in the Aftermath of Morrison v. National Australia Bank Ltd., Kirby, R. W. (2011). Hastings Bus. LJ, 7, 223. The critical roles to the international security market should not be taken with levity. The supreme court in Morrison V. National Australia Ltd, US, No. 08-1191 ( gave a verdict June 24th 2010) that the principal antifraud provisions of the US security laws, section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 ( the Exchange Act) and the rule 10b-5. Hence it was only applicable to transactions in securities listed in the US security exchange. The court also stated that these vital provisions do not have extraterritorial applications since the section 10(b) lacks an explicit statement concerning extraterritorial effect. So, therefore, the court overruled a solid line before the Federal Cout of Appeals cases that are allowed claims under the new rule 10b.