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Moore’s Law – Definition

Moore’s Law Definition

Moore’s law is a computing term asserting that after every two years, the computer’s overall processing power will double, relative to size and or cost. Engineer Gordon Moore, who is also the Intel’s co-founder, is the one who made this observation in 1965, hence the term Moore’s Law.

The current definition of this law is that there is a doubling of the transistor’s number per square inch on the integrated circuit since its invention. What this means is that we should expect our computers’ capability and speed to increase after every two years.

Moore predicted that this trend of microprocessor growth would expand rapidly and steadily into the unforeseeable future. A quick check conducted among technicians working in different computer firms agrees that even though Moore’s law is not famous, the rule is relevant and acceptable. So, many experts, including Moore himself, expect the bill to become a reality by 2020.

A Little More on What is Moore’s Law

It is important to note that Moore did not give his observation of the name Moore’s Law; neither did he create the law. What he did was to make a statement based on the emerging trends he had observed in chips manufacturing at Intel.

He gave a hypothesis on a magazine article following his observation that the number of transistors that can fit into a particular unit of space is expected to double after every two years. (However, the actual doubling occurs after about 18 months). Following this, Moore’s insight later became a prediction and then turned into a golden rule known as Moore’s Law, named after him, of course.

Moore’s law has since proved to be accurate. For decades now, since Gordon Moores’ initial observation, the semiconductor industry has used the law to guide it in its long-term plans as well as the setting of research and development targets. The bill has also been used to drive technology and bring social change, economic growth, and productivity in the late twentieth and early twenty-first-century’ hallmarks.

Generally, Moore’s Law has been in existence for nearly sixty years, and it is still going strong. It is because, after 50 years since its creation, people continue to feel its benefits and lasting impact in various ways. Thanks to Moore’s Law, we now have advancements in digital electronics such as:

  • Microprocessor with quality and adjusted prices
  • Memory capacity (flash and RAM)
  • Sensors
  • Size and number of pixels in digital cameras

Example of Moore’s Law

People all over the world apply Moore’s Law. For example, you may have felt the urge to buy a new phone or computer more often (say after two or three years). The reason for doing so is because the one you currently have is either too slow or cannot run new applications. If this is the case, what you are merely applying is the phenomenon of Moore’s Law.

Computing and Moore’s Law

Moore’s Law implies that computers and machines that run on them, including their computing power, become smaller in size and operate faster as time passes by. The efficiency of transistors on integrated circuits also increases with time. Note that transistors and chips are microscopic structures containing silicon and carbon molecules. Their perfect alignment is to move electricity along the circuit channels at a faster speed.

Note that the faster a microchip can process electrical signals, the more efficient a computer can operate. And, when the computer machine becomes more efficient, their costs reduced by about 30 percent per year because their labor costs will be low.

Electronics and Moore’s Law

Sincerely speaking, there is no way the facet of high-tech society would operate without putting Moore’s Law into action. For instance, mobile devices like tablets and smartphones cannot function without those tiny processors. Video games, accurate weather forecasts, spreadsheets, and the global positioning system also depend on those small processors to be able to work.

Generally, the progress of many industries has been able to progress because of computer chips processing power. Industries such as education, transportation, health care, energy production, among others, have been able to make drastic improvements by the use of smaller and faster computers.

Is Moore’s Law Dead or Alive?

The reality is that Moore’s Law will naturally come to an end in the 2020s. The experts agree that computers will, at some point in the 2020s, reach the physical limits. The transistors’ higher temperature will put a stop to it, for it will reach a time when it will be impossible to develop smaller circuits.

Note that the cooling down of the transistors require more energy compared to that which already passes through the conductors. In 2005, Gordon Moore also agreed that his Law wouldn’t go on forever. He said that it was an exponential functions’ nature, which at some point must hit the wall.

What Next?

Though the shrinking of transistors has ensured advances in computing over half a century, very soon, scientists and engineers will have to find alternative ways of improving the capacity of computers. Rather than focusing on physical processes, they will require to invent applications and software to help improve the computers’ efficiency and speed.

For instance, they may need to shift their focus on things such as wireless communication, cloud computing, quantum physics, and the internet of things. All these are likely to play a significant role in the future of computer tech innovation.

About Intel

The Intel firm has done an excellent job as far as advancement in computer chips is concerned. For instance, in 2012, the firm with its 22-nanometer processor, managed to boast having the world’s most advanced and smallest transistors in a mass-produced product. In 2014, the company again managed to launch even a smaller and more powerful 14nm chip. However, the company is currently struggling to bring to market its 10nm chip.

Moore’s Law’s current impending death is a painful truth to the chip manufacturers, including Intel itself. These companies have not been developing computer chips only, but they have also been building to increase their capacity against their physical look. So, even the Intel firm of which Gordon Moore is a co-founder is competing with its industry and itself to develop what will eventually become impossible.

The Bottom Line

Generally, the future’s vision which is interconnected and endlessly empowered cannot come without its share of challenges. There are several growing concerns, such as security threats and privacy in the technology world. However, the benefits of ever-smarter computing technology will go a long way to ensure that it keeps us safer, healthier, and productive.

References for “Moore’s Law


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