Expectancy Theory Explained
Vroom’s Expectancy Theory says that individuals act when they expect positive results from their actions. Without the hope of a reward, it is less likely that individuals will exert the highest level of effort. As such, individual choose their actions based upon the expected outcome of those actions. Expectancy theory contributes to the understanding of motivation.
An individual’s expectations are affected by the certainty they feel that their actions will result in their expected reward or goal. There is an immediate relationship between exertion and accomplishment.