28. What is a “breach of contract”?
A party who is not relieved from her duty of performance and fails to perform her obligations under a contract is said to breach the contract. Breach entails a failure to perform material duties in accordance with the agreement. This can include a complete lack of performance, partial performance of the material duties, or performance that fails to meet the demanded standard. A breach by one party relieves the other party’s duty of performance.
• Discussion: Should different types of breach be treated differently? Why or why not?
• Practice Question: Joseph enters into a contract with Eric to build a deck on Eric’s house. Joseph builds a deck that is weak, flimsy, and drastically varies from the design plans. Under what grounds might Joseph allege breach of contract against Eric?