Frontier Market - Definition
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Frontier Market Financial leverage and performance of listed firms in afrontier market: Panel evidence from Kenya, Mule, R. K., & Mukras, M. S. (2015). European Scientific Journal, ESJ,11(7). This paper investigates the relationship between financial leverage and the financial performance of listed firm in Kenya. The authors employ annual data for the period 2007 2011. Using various panel procedures, the study finds reasonably strong evidence that financial leverage significantly, and negatively, affects the performance of listed firms in Kenya. Conclusions are documented and different calculative models are evaluated. Financial development and energy consumption in Central and Eastern Europeanfrontiereconomies, Sadorsky, P. (2011).Energy Policy,39(2), 999-1006. This study examines the impact of financial development on energy consumption in a sample of 9 Central and Eastern European frontier economies. Several different measures of financial development are examined including bank related variables and stock market variables. Results show a positive and statistically significant relationship between financial development and energy consumption when financial development is measured using GDP related banking variables. Mass customization: the newfrontierin business competition, Pine, B. J., & Davis, S. (1993). International diversification withfrontiermarkets, Berger, D., Pukthuanthong, K., & Yang, J. J. (2011).Journal of Financial Economics,101(1), 227-242. In this paper the authors provide an analysis of frontier market equities with respect to world market integration and diversification. This paper aims to show that frontier markets exhibit low levels of integration. It also proposes that individual frontier market countries do not exhibit consistent rates of changing integration. Finally, the authors show that frontier markets have low integration with the world market and thereby offer significant diversification benefits. Frontier markettransaction costs and diversification, Marshall, B. R., Nguyen, N. H., & Visaltanachoti, N. (2015). Journal of financial markets,24, 1-24. This paper evaluates the concept, cost and diversification of frontier markets. It analyses the reasons for their high transaction costs. It also analyses the benefits and pattern od their diversification. The authors analyse comprehensive measures of transaction costs for 19 frontier markets. The case forfrontierequity markets, Speidell, L., & Krohne, A. (2007). Journal of Investing,16(3), 12. This paper analyses the behaviour, benefits and challenges faced by investors in the frontier markets in Asia, Europe, the Middle East, Africa, and Latin America. What determines IPO underpricing? Evidence from afrontier market, Boudriga, A., Ben Slama, S., & Boulila, N. (2009). This paper empirically analyzes the short run performance of Tunisian initial public offerings (IPO). It sheds light on the determinants of IPOs in a context of a frontier market characterized by high information asymmetry, low information efficiency, thin trading and the presence of noise traders. Emphasis is placed ona sample of 34 Tunisian IPOs from 1992-2008. Stockmarketinterdependence, contagion, and the US financial crisis: The case of emerging andfrontiermarkets, Samarakoon, L. P. (2011). Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money,21(5), 724-742. This paper examines transmission of shocks between the U.S. and foreign markets to delineate interdependence from contagion of the U.S. financial crisis by constructing shock models for partially overlapping and non-overlapping markets. It aims to prove that no contagion exists from U.S. to emerging markets, but it exists from emerging markets to the U.S. Is there a singlefrontierin a single European bankingmarket?, Bos, J. W., & Schmiedel, H. (2007).Journal of Banking & Finance,31(7), 2081-2102. This paper attempts to estimate comparable efficiency scores for European banks operating in the Single Market in the EU. The authors employ a data set of more than 5000 large commercial banks from all major European banking markets over the period 19932004, and uses it to assess the existence of a single and integrated European banking market. Results are in the favor of a single European banking market characterized by cost and profit meta-frontiers. Diversification as a corporate strategy for a family-controlled business group in afrontier market, Haque, M., & Hassan, M. K. (2001). The Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies,26(4), 719. This study focuses on a the growth of a family controlled firm "Beximco Group" in Banngladesh in the last 35 years. In this study, the authors look at the gains obtained via diversification in a setting that is completely different from the Western world. Using accounting and market information from Audited Financial Statements from 1983-1995 and the IFC's EMDB data, this paper records that Beximco Group has made significant progress towards the path of growth and value creation. The paper aims to show that diversification played a leading role for the rise in prominence for the group in Bangladesh. TECHNICAL ANALYSIS OF EFFICIENTMARKETHYPOTHESIS IN AFRONTIER MARKET., Rehman, M. U., & Khidmat, W. B. (2013). Studies in Business & Economics,8(2). This paper focuses on identifying the major financial indicators or ratios that play a crucial role in determining the prices of the securities. The scope of this paper is to investigate the weak form of market efficiency in the Karachi stock exchange. This paper will help the investors in making transaction in securities. Frontier marketdiversification and transaction costs, Marshall, B., Nguyen, N. H., & Visaltanachoti, N. (2011). Massey University. Frontier markets, sometimes referred to as emerging emerging markets, have high transaction costs, but these do not subsume the diversification benefits of these countries. In this paper, the authors form comprehensive measures of transaction costs using tick data for 19 frontier markets that are readily accessible to foreign investors.