Elective Share - Explained
What is an Elective Share?
If you still have questions or prefer to get help directly from an agent, please submit a request.
We’ll get back to you as soon as possible.
- Marketing, Advertising, Sales & PR
- Accounting, Taxation, and Reporting
- Professionalism & Career Development
Law, Transactions, & Risk Management
Government, Legal System, Administrative Law, & Constitutional Law Legal Disputes - Civil & Criminal Law Agency Law HR, Employment, Labor, & Discrimination Business Entities, Corporate Governance & Ownership Business Transactions, Antitrust, & Securities Law Real Estate, Personal, & Intellectual Property Commercial Law: Contract, Payments, Security Interests, & Bankruptcy Consumer Protection Insurance & Risk Management Immigration Law Environmental Protection Law Inheritance, Estates, and Trusts
- Business Management & Operations
- Economics, Finance, & Analytics
Back to: INHERITANCE, ESTATES, & TRUSTS
What is an Elective Share?
An elective share is a legal term which is used in American law and is associated with inheritance. An elective share in the United States enables a spouse of the deceased person to claim inheritance rights. The surviving spouse is entitled a fixed percentage of wealth left by a deceased spouse. Traditionally, surviving spouse is entitled to receive one-third of the total wealth regardless of marriage length.
How Does an Elective Share Work?
The concept of elective share is the modern form of dowry, which is the reserved fraction of a deceased's estate. It allows a surviving spouse to benefit in the event she is disinherited by the decedent. The concept of elective share also enables a surviving spouse to become financially independent. The amount of an estate that is reserved to the spouse is controlled by state law where the estate is located. In most states. the elective share is reserved between 1/3 and of the entire estate. Many states calculate or adjust the elective share based upon the length of marriage and the presence of minor children to claim elective share. Elective share laws vary considerably between the states. For example, some physical or financial assets may be exempted from the estate when calculating elective shares. In some states children may also claim an elective share. Below is an example of a state elective share statute: The state law defines elective share as following; a) Elective share is the value of estate of deceased subtracts the value of estate owned separately by the surviving spouse. b) It is fixed one-third portion of the estate. The spouses estate may include; a) The property or estate owned by surviving spouse after the death of decedent. b) All the legal possession and equitable interest and assets which are owned by surviving person only.
- Succession Planning
- Chartered Trust and Estate Planner
- Cy Pres Doctrine
- Exordium Clause
- Non-Contestability (No Contest) Clause
- Per Stirpes
- Elective Share
Qualified Domestic Relations Order (QDRO)
- Declaration of Trust
- Uniform Gifts for Minors Act
- Acceptance of Office by Trustee
- Beneficial Interest
- Asset Protection Trust
- Bare Trust
- Blind Trust
- Charitable Lead Trust
- Credit Shelter Trust
- Discretionary Trust
- Generation Skipping Trust
- Grantor Trust Rules
- Living Trust
- Inter Vivos Trust
- Qualified Domestic Trust (QDOT)
- Qualified Terminal Interest Protection Trust (QTIP)
- ABLE Account
- Accumulated Income Payments (Canada)
- Charitable Split-Dollar Insurance Plan
- Coverdell Education Savings Account