Growth Accounting Studies
What are Growth Accounting Studies?
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What are Growth Accounting Studies?
Growth accounting studies seek to determine the extent to which physical and human capital deepening and technology have contributed to growth.
The usual approach uses an aggregate production function to estimate how much of per capita economic growth can be attributed to growth in physical capital and human capital. We can measure these two inputs at least roughly.
Back to: ECONOMIC ANALYSIS & MONETARY POLICY
The part of growth that is unexplained by measured inputs, called the residual, is then attributed to growth in technology. The exact numerical estimates differ from study to study and from country to country, depending on how researchers measured these three main factors and over what time horizons. For studies of the U.S. economy, three lessons commonly emerge from growth accounting studies.
First, technology is typically the most important contributor to U.S. economic growth. Growth in human capital and physical capital often explains only half or less than half of the economic growth that occurs. New ways of doing things are tremendously important.
Second, while investment in physical capital is essential to growth in labor productivity and GDP per capita, building human capital is at least as important. Economic growth is not just a matter of more machines and buildings.
A third lesson is that these three factors of human capital, physical capital, and technology work together. Workers with a higher level of education and skills are often better at coming up with new technological innovations. These technological innovations are often ideas that cannot increase production until they become a part of new investment in physical capital. New machines that embody technological innovations often require additional training, which builds worker skills further. If the recipe for economic growth is to succeed, an economy needs all the ingredients of the aggregate production function.
- Rule of Law relate to Economic Growth
- Labor Productivity
- Productivity and Learning Curve
- Experience Curve
- Acceleration Principle
- Aggregate Production Function
- How to Measure Productivity
- What is the Effect of Sustained Economic Growth?
- How are compound growth rates and compound interest rates related?
- Compound Growth Rate
- Solow Growth Model
- What are the Components of Economic Growth?
- Porter's Diamond
- Physical Capital
- Human Capital
- Staple Thesis
- Resource Curse
- Capital Deepening
- What are Growth Accounting Studies?
- What is a Healthy Climate for Economic Growth?
- Economic Convergence
- Emerging Market Economy
- BRIC Countries
- Growth Consensus
- Economic Conditions
- Leading Economic Indicators
- KOF Economic Barometer
- CEO Confidence Survey
- NAB Business Confidence Index