Empirical Testing - Explained
How to do Empirical Testing
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What is Empirical Testing?
Empirical testing is a research method that employs direct and indirect observation and experience. These observations are recorded and analyzed using quantitative methods.
What is the Empirical Cycle?
The empirical cycle includes the following elements:
- Observation: Observation is the process of identifying the problem and its causes.
- Induction: The idea or hypothesis is developed on the basis of observation.
- Deduction: Deduction is the process to formulate experiments to check the hypothesis
- Testing: Testing is the technique used to check the hypotheses and data related to hypothesis.
- Evaluation: In this stage, results are interpreted explanations are presented.
How Does Scientific Research Relate to Empirical Research
The empirical method allows a scientific researcher to verify the results of research with the help of statistical tools.
Empirical scientific research generally proceeds as follows:
- A researcher uses a particular theory relating to a subject of research and develops hypotheses upon that theory.
- Then the researcher derives many predictions from the hypothesis or research question.
- Those predictions can then be examined with a suitable test. Empirical evidence (the record of one's direct observations or reports) can be analyzed quantitatively or qualitatively.
- The hypothesis will be accepted or rejected based upon the results of hypothesis or research question.
Common statistical tools include: regression, risk coefficient, t-test, chi square, and different forms of ANOVA (analyses of variance).