Perception in the Context of Negotiation
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What is perception in the context of negotiation?
Perception is the process by which individuals connect to their environment by ascribing meaning to messages and events. This process is strongly influenced by the perceiver's current state of mind, role, and comprehension of earlier communications.
Next Article:"Cognitive Framing" in the context of negotiationBack to: NEGOTIATIONS
What is Perceptual Distortion?
Perceptual distortion is a common phenomenon in negotiations. A perceiver's own needs, desires, motivation, and personal experiences may create a predisposition about the other party. This can lead to biases and errors in perception and subsequent communication.
What is Stereotyping?
An example of perception distortion is stereotyping, which occurs when one individual assigns attributes to another solely on the basis of the other's membership in a particular social or demographic category. This tendency is commonly revealed during conflicts involving values, ideologies, and direct competition for resources.
What are Halo Effects?
Another important perception distortion is halo effects, which occur when people generalize about a variety of attributes based on the knowledge of one attribute of an individual. The tendency is most common when there is very little experience with a person along some dimension, the person is well known, and when the qualities have strong moral implications.
What is Selective Perception?
Another tendency, known as selective perception occurs when the perceiver singles out certain information that supports or reinforces a prior belief and filters out information that does not confirm that belief. Selective perception relates closely to confirmation bias.
What is Projection?
Yet another perception distortion is projection, which occurs when people assign to others the characteristics or feelings that they possess themselves. Projection usually arises out of a need to protect one's own self-concept to see oneself as consistent and good.