Sanctions Under Antitrust Law - Explained
How are the Punishments for Violation of Antitrust Laws?
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What sanctions are available under the antitrust laws?
Together the Sherman Act, Clayton Act, and FTC Act allow for four legal sanctions:
- Injunctions of Activity - Injunctions order a party not to violate or continue violating antitrust provisions. These can be administrative or judicial.
- Treble (triple) Damages - Plaintiffs may recover civil damages suffered as a result of a violation of the antitrust laws. Section 4 of the Clayton Act authorizes victims in a civil action (private parties or the US Government) to collect three times the damages they have suffered, plus court costs and reasonable attorneys fees.
- Criminal Fines and Imprisonment (felonies) - Individuals fined up to $1 million and 10 years in prison. Corporations may be fined up to $100 million per offense.
- Nolo Contendere - Defendants will often plead nolo contendere in a criminal action and focus on defending the civil action case. The reason is that a criminal conviction is largely conclusive in proving violation in the civil court. A nolo contendere plea avoids this scenario.
The FTC, DOJ, state governments, and private parties may bring actions to enforce antitrust laws and may seek any combination of the above sanctions.
Next Article: What is the Sherman Act? Back to: ANTITRUST LAW
How do you feel about the sanctions associated with violations of the antitrust laws? Should there by criminal penalties attached to this conduct?
MicroData, Inc, produces software for use personal computers. MicroData has been pricing its product at below its cost of production in an effort to force its primary competitor, DataServe, out of the market. MicroData received a cease and desist order from the FTC, but it has continued the practice. What are the possible sanctions that MicroData could face in this situation?
- Antitrust Law (Intro)
- What is Antitrust Law?
- What are the Major Antitrust Laws?
- What government agency enforces antitrust law?
- What Sanctions are available under antitrust law?
- What is the Sherman Act of 1890 (Sherman Act)?
- What is a Contract, Combination, of Conspiracy in restraint of trade?
- What is Per Se Illegality and the Rule of Reason?
- What is a Monopoly?
- Herfindahl Hirschman Index (HHI) Definition
- What businesses are exempt from the Sherman Act?
- Horizontal Restraint Sherman Act?
- Sharing Information?
- Refusal to Deal?
- Territorial Agreement?
- Price Fixing?
- Resale restraint?
- Exclusive dealing?
- Tying products?
- Territorial agreements?
- What is Monopolization under the Sherman Act?
- What is the Clayton Act of 1914 (Clayton Act)?
- What is price discrimination under the Clayton Act?
- What are special arrangements prohibited under the Clayton Act?
- When are tying contracts an illegal restraint under the Clayton Act?
- When are reciprocal dealing contracts an illegal restraint under the Clayton Act?
- How does the Clayton Act regulate mergers and acquisition?
- FTC Act Antitrust Law