Requirement to Register Securities Under 1934 Act - Explained
Reporting and Non-Reporting Companies
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Table of ContentsWhen must a company register with the Securities Exchange Commission pursuant to the 34 Act?Discussion QuestionPractice QuestionAcademic Research
When must a company register with the Securities Exchange Commission pursuant to the 34 Act?
A company issuing securities must either register or perfect and exemption from registration. There are, however, other situations that subject a company to SEC public reporting requirements. The company becomes known as a reporting company. A company is generally required to register with the SEC if it meets any of the following characteristics:
- it completes a public offering pursuant to the 33 Act;
- securities of the company are traded on a national exchange (such as the NYSE or CME); or
- it has 2,000 or more total shareholders (or 500 or more unaccredited shareholders) of unrestricted securities and a total asset value of more than $10 million.
The 2,000 (or 500 unaccredited) shareholder rule does not apply to shareholders who acquired shares through sanctioned crowdfunding or pursuant to employee compensation plans. Notably, if an issuer later drops below the shareholder limitation numbers, it may apply to the SEC to be exempted from the 34 Act reporting requirements.
Next Article: Reporting and Disclosure Requirements under '34 Act Back to: SECURITIES LAW
- The Security Exchange Act of 1934
- When must an issuer register pursuant to the 34 Act?
- What disclosures are required of reporting companies under the 34 Act?
- What is liability under Section 10(b) and Rule 10(b)(5)?
- What is insider trading under Rule 10(b)(5)?
- What damages are available under Section 10 and Rule 10(b)(5)?
- What is insider trading under Section 14 of the 34 Act?
- What is liability under Section 16 of the 34 Act?
- What is liability under Section 18 of the 34 Act?
- What is criminal liability under the 34 Act?
Why do you think the SEC requires a company to register in the above-referenced scenarios? Do you think the size of the company (number of shareholders or value of assets) should determine whether reporting is required? Why or why not?
ABC Corp is a private company that has been steadily growing over the past several years. They have gone through several private offerings and have a large number of accredited and unaccredited investors. They also have substantial land holdings as well as equipment. Under what conditions might ABC Corp be forced to registered with the SEC and become a reporting company?