Firm Commitment - Definition
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firm commitment or offer The choice betweenfirm-commitmentand best-efforts offering methods in IPOs: The effect of unsuccessful offers, Dunbar, C. G. (1998). The choice between firm-commitment and best-efforts offering methods in IPOs: The effect of unsuccessful offers.Journal of Financial Intermediation,7(1), 60-90. Previous research questions the use of best-efforts offering methods for IPOs since firm-commitment offerings have lower direct issue costs. This paper attempts to explain the choice of best-efforts methods by focusing on an indirect offering cost: the possibility that an offering will be unsuccessful. How functional, psychological, and social relationship benefits influence individual andfirm commitmentto the relationship, Sweeney, J. C., & Webb, D. A. (2007). How functional, psychological, and social relationship benefits influence individual and firm commitment to the relationship.Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing,22(7), 474-488. This paper aims to extend previous research investigating the effect of relationship benefits on firm outcomes by developing a model that includes the effect on individual employees in the buyer firm. The model also aims to address benefits beyond the functional in businessto business (B2B) settings by including psychological and social benefits. The study is based on a survey of 275 B2B buyers in Australian manufacturing firms. Findings show that functional benefits enhance firmlevel commitment to the relationship, whereas psychological and social benefits affect individual commitment to the relationship directly and firmlevel commitment indirectly. The valuation offirm commitmentunderwriting contracts for seasoned new equity issues: theory and evidence, Bae, S. C., & Levy, H. (1990). The valuation of firm commitment underwriting contracts for seasoned new equity issues: theory and evidence.Financial Management, 48-59. The purpose of this paper is to test whether the risks that issuing firms transfer to investment bankers is appropriate. A reexamination of the costs offirm commitmentand best efforts IPOs, Chua, L. (1995). A reexamination of the costs of firm commitment and best efforts IPOs.Financial Review,30(2), 337-365. This paper explains Ritters views that best efforts IPOs are, on average, more costly to issue than firm commitment IPOs. Corporate social responsibility: A theory of thefirmperspective, McWilliams, A., & Siegel, D. (2001). Corporate social responsibility: A theory of the firm perspective.Academy of management review,26(1), 117-127. In this paper, the authors outline a supply and demand model of corporate social responsibility (CSR). Based on this framework, they hypothesize that a firm's level of CSR will depend on its size, level of diversification, research and development, advertising, government sales, consumer income, labor market conditions, and stage in the industry life cycle. FACTORS AFFECTING AFIRM'S COMMITMENTTO INNOVATION., Schoenecker, T. S., Daellenbach, U. S., & McCarthy, A. M. (1995, August). FACTORS AFFECTING A FIRM'S COMMITMENT TO INNOVATION. InAcademy of Management Proceedings(Vol. 1995, No. 1, pp. 52-56). Briarcliff Manor, NY 10510: Academy of Management. This paper investigates a firm's commitment to innovation from a top management team (TMT) perspective. The paper investigate this question by examining the relationship between demographic characteristics of the TMT, other organizational factors, and R&D intensity in two industries. Tentative support that TMT characteristics influence R&D intensity is found. The relationships between supplier development,commitment, social capital accumulation and performance improvement, Krause, D. R., Handfield, R. B., & Tyler, B. B. (2007). The relationships between supplier development, commitment, social capital accumulation and performance improvement.Journal of operations management,25(2), 528-545. This study investigates the relationships between U.S. buying firms supplier development efforts, commitment, social capital accumulation with key suppliers, and buying firm performance. The paper aims to show that the relationships of structural and relational capital vary depending on the type of performance improvement considered. A conceptual model of entrepreneurship asfirmbehavior: A critique and extension, Zahra, S. A. (1993). A conceptual model of entrepreneurship as firm behavior: A critique and extension.Entrepreneurship theory and practice,17(4), 5-21. This article highlights several areas where the Covin-Slevin model which aims to explain the association between a company's entrepreneurial posture and Its external environment, strategy, Internal factors, and organizational performance should be revised and extended to better capture the nature of entrepreneurial behavior as well as Its antecedents and consequences. Mergers and acquisitions and managerialcommitmentto innovation in M-form firms, Hitt, M. A., Hoskisson, R. E., & Ireland, R. D. (1990). Strategic Management Journal, 29-47. This paper presents a theory suggesting a trade-off between growth through acquisitions and the managerial commitment to innovation in the acquiring firm. Commitmentto total quality management: is there a relationship withfirmperformance?, Lemak, D. J., Reed, R., & Satish, P. K. (1997). Journal of Quality Management,2(1), 67-86. This paper discusses the lack of substantial empirical investigation on Total Quality Management (TQM), despite the large volume of texts on this topic. It addresses the overarching question of whether or not TQM measurably improves firm performance. For a sample of sixty firms, that have demonstrated a commitment to TQM for a period of at least five years, the authors find that the strategy is associated with superior stock-market performance and improved profit margins. Firm CommitmentUnderwriting Risk and the Over-Allotment Option: Do We Need Further Legal Regulation?, Cotter, J., & Thomas, R. (1998). This article examines firm-commitment initial public offerings, exploring the ways underwriters use and abuse the over-allotment option to affect legal prices stabilization in after-market trading.