Transfer Warranty of Negotiable Instrument - Explained
What is Transferor Warranty?
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Table of ContentsWhat is transferor warranty of a negotiable instrument?Discussion QuestionPractice QuestionAcademic Research
What is transferor warranty of a negotiable instrument?
A transferor of a negotiable instrument warrants the following to the recipient of the instrument:
- Good Title - The transferor has good title to the instrument;
- Enforceability - The transferor is entitled to enforce the instrument;
- Authorization - All signatures are authorized and authentic;
- Alterations - There have been no alterations to the instrument;
- Defenses - There are no defenses to enforcing the instrument; and
- Solvency - The transferor does not know the payor to be insolvent.
Transfer warranties apply when the transferor transfers the instrument for consideration. The new holder only receives transfer warranties from an immediate transferor. Thus, a holder cannot enforce the instrument pursuant to transfer warranty against anyone who transferred the instrument without consideration or did not directly transfer the instrument to her.
Note: A payor bank of a draft does not receive transfer warranty, as the instrument is presented to the bank, rather than transferred. Presentment warranty is discussed separately.
Next Article: Indorser Liability for Negotiable Instrument Back to: COMMERCIAL PAPER
- Guaranty or Guarantee
What is the role of a Guarantor or Surety of a negotiable instrument?
- What is an Accord & Satisfaction?
- What is primary and secondary liability on an instrument?
- What is Drawer or Maker Liability for a negotiable instrument?
- What is Transferor Warranty of a negotiable instrument?
- What is Indorser Warranty of a negotiable instrument?
- What is Presentment Warranty of a negotiable instrument?
- What is a warrantors liability for a dishonored note or draft?
- What is the time limitation for warranty of a negotiable instrument?
- When are the warranties of a negotiable instrument discharged?
How do you feel about the warranties provided by the transferor of a negotiable instrument? Are these warranties adequate? Why or why not? Can you think of any other warranties that should be included? Why do you think these warranties are limited to situations where the instrument is transferred for value? Should these warranties apply to prior transferors (as apposed to the immediate transferor)?
Leena is the holder of a note. Leena transfers the note to Kate for $100. Kate then transfers the note to Jean for $110. What transfer warranties apply to each of the parties?