Negotiable Instrument - General Rules of Interpretation
How Does a Court Interpret the Provisions of a Negotiable Instrument?
If you still have questions or prefer to get help directly from an agent, please submit a request.
We’ll get back to you as soon as possible.
- Accounting, Taxation, and Reporting
Law, Transactions, & Risk Management
Government, Legal System, Administrative Law, & Constitutional Law Legal Disputes - Civil & Criminal Law Agency Law HR, Employment, Labor, & Discrimination Business Entities, Corporate Governance & Ownership Business Transactions, Antitrust, & Securities Law Real Estate, Personal, & Intellectual Property Commercial Law: Contract, Payments, Security Interests, & Bankruptcy Consumer Protection Insurance & Risk Management Immigration Law Environmental Protection Law Inheritance, Estates, and Trusts
- Marketing, Advertising, Sales & PR
- Business Management & Operations
- Economics, Finance, & Analytics
- Professionalism & Career Development
What rules does the court apply when determining negotiability?
The UCC favors negotiability of commercial instruments. It contains a number of rules to resolve any uncertainty as to the terms of the instrument and to supply missing terms. The following rules apply to situations where terms in a negotiable instrument contradict each other:
- words take precedent over numbers;
- handwritten terms prevail over typed and printed terms; and
- typed terms win over printed or boiler-plate terms.
These rules can allow for any number of general assumptions about the intent and obligations of the parties.
Example: If the applicable interest rate of a promissory note is left off, courts hold that a judgment rate applies.
Next Article: How is a Negotiable Instrument Negotiated Back to: COMMERCIAL PAPER LAW
Discussion: How do you feel about these generally applicable rules of interpretation for negotiable instruments? Is there any argument against the application of these rules?
Practice Question: Hank drafts a check to Ira that is drawn on First Bank. When Ira presents the check for payment, she realizes that the check indicates Five-hundred dollars and 5,000.00 in the amount column. What is the likely interpretation of First Banks obligation to accept and pay the check?