15. What are “labor laws”?
Labor laws control the relationship between employers and employees with regard to such things as benefits, obligations, and bargaining rights. Labor law is generally grouped together with all employment laws, but it is frequently used to refer to the group of laws affecting collective bargaining rights of and unionization by employees. Numerous federal and state laws govern labor relations. There are also specific laws designated to govern the collective bargaining and unionization rights of public sector employees of the federal and state governments.
• Discussion: Why do you think state and federal governments are concerned with the rights of employees to organize and collectively bargain with employers? What are the arguments for and against regulating this sort of activity?
• Practice Question: What is the difference between employment laws and labor laws?