16. How does one continue perfection of or permanently perfect a purchase money security interest in non-consumer goods?
A secured party who takes a PMSI in non-consumer goods has a grace period to file her financing statement. To establish permanent perfection beyond the temporary grace period, she must file the appropriate financing statement within 20 days of the purchaser receiving the asset. If the secured party files the financing statement during this period, her security interest is perfected and has priority from the date of the extension of credit. Her security interest also extends to any proceeds from a later sale of the assets. This is particularly important if the goods are inventory to the purchaser. Failing to file a financing statement within this period can cause the secured party to lose priority to conflicting secured parties or lien holders who later perfect their security interests in the collateral.
• Note: This rule is particularly important when the debtor’s assets are subject to an after-acquired collateral clause.
• Discussion: Do you think a secured creditor should have 20 days from the date the debtor takes possession of the collateral to file the security interest? Why or why not? Can you think of a situation where someone could be prejudiced by this right?
• Practice Question: ABC Corp purchases equipment from 123 Corp and finances it for 12 months. The parties validly attach the security interest to the collateral. ABC Corp immediately sells all of its assets to XYZ Corp in a buyout. What must 123 Corp do to protect its security interest in the collateral? What would this mean for XYZ Corp?